Butterfly Ginger, White Ginger, Garland Lily
Synonyms of Hedychium coronarium (14) (Updated on 1-18-23 from Plants of the World Online): Amomum filiforme W.Hunter, Gandasulium coronarium (J.Koenig) Kuntze, Gandasulium lingulatum (Hassk.) Kuntze, Hedychium chrysoleucum Hook., Hedychium coronarium var. chrysoleucum (Hook.) Baker, Hedychium coronarium var. maximum (Roscoe) Eichler, Hedychium flavescens var. chrysoleucum (Hook.) C.E.C.Fisch., Hedychium gandasulium Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Hedychium lingulatum Hassk., Hedychium maximum Roscoe, Hedychium prophetae Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Hedychium spicatum G.Lodd., Hedychium sulphureum Wall., Kaempferia hedychium Lam.
Hedychium coronarium J.Koenig is the accepted scientific name of this species of Hedychium. Both the genus and species were first named and described by Johann Gerhard Koenig in Observationes Botanicae in 1783.
As of 1-18-23 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online lists 100 species in the Hedychium genus. It is a member of the plant family Zingiberaceae with 57 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO.
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According to Wikipedia, the Hedychium coronarium is originally from the Himalayas region of Nepal and India. It was brought to Brazil by African slaves who used the leaves for mattresses. It is also the national flower of Cuba. The plant has become invasive in some parts of the world including Hawaii.
A good friend of mine gave me quite a few of these plants in the fall of 2011. I planted them in the backyard among the Colocasia esculenta. They did well, and a few flowered in 2012. The Butterfly Ginger grows to a height of 4-6 feet in sun to part shade. They are winter hardy in USDA zones 8a-11 (10-40 degrees F.).
I hated to leave the Butterfly Ginger behind at the mansion when I moved back to mid-Missouri in February 2013. They are not hardy in this zone, and I am not sure about digging them and storing them for the winter. Maybe someday I will try it and see what happens.
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