Green Flowered Columbine
‘Chocolate Soldier’ Columbine
Aquilegia virdiflora Pall. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Aquilegia. It was first described by Peter (Pyotr) Simon von Pallas in Acta Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitani in 1779.
Plants of the World Online by Kew currently lists 124 accepted species of Aquilegia. Version 1.1 (2013) of The Plant List named 118 accepted species, 489 synonyms and 18 unassessed (including infraspecific names) in the genus Aquilegia. The Plant List is no longer maintained and Plants of the World Online was launched by Kew in 2017.
I bought my ‘Chocolate Soldier’ Columbine from Lowe’s in the spring of 2012. I was kind of shocked when it flowered because I was expecting something MUCH larger. The leaves are kind of a blueish-green. The whole plant is kind of a miniature Aquilegia. These would be great in mass plantings under light shade or filtered shade. I really liked this plant, but I left it behind when I moved back to Missouri.
Common Name: Columbine
Type: Herbaceous perennial
Origin: China, Japan, and Russia (Siberia)
Zones: USDA 3-8
Size: Up to 12” tall x 12” wide
Flowers: Chocolaty purple petals with greenish sepals
Bloom Time: April through May
Light: Full sun to part shade. Mine grew in morning sun and filtered shade in the afternoon.
Soil: Average, medium moisture, well-drained soil. Prefers a deep, rich soil that is moist but well-drained. They will tolerate a wide range of soils except heavy and poorly drained. Soil should be uniformly moist to keep the foliage attractive
Maintenance: Low. Remove dead flowers to promote new bloom. The plant should be cut to the ground after flowering and the foliage starts to brown in midsummer.
I enjoyed growing this plant and maybe someday I will find another. I also would like to try other species. They reseed freely and the various species and cultivars will cross-pollinate so on occasion you may be in for a surprise.
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