Cylindropuntia imbricata-Tree Cholla, Candelabrum Cactus, etc.

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 2-11-17, #309-3.

Tree Cholla, Candelabrum Cactus, Cane Cactus, Walkingstick Cholla, etc.

Cylindropuntia imbricata

sil-in-drop-UN-shee-uh  im-brih-KAY-tuh

Syn.: Cereus imbricatus Haw.
Syn.: Cactus imbricatus (Haw.) Lem
Syn.: Grusonia imbricata (Haw.) G.D. Rowley
Syn.: Opuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC.

Cylindropuntia imbricata (Haw.) F.M.Knuth is the correct and accepted scientific name of this cactus. It was described as such by Frederik Marcus Knuth in Kaktus-ABC in 1935. It was first described as Cereus imbricatus by Adrian Hardy Haworth in Succulent Plantarum Succulentarum in 1819.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 4-20-17, #320-2.

I was given this cactus my Mrs. Wagler of Wagler’s Greenhouse in 2016. She said it was hardy here and I wouldn’t have to bring it inside for the winter. BUT, even though I wanted this cactus, there was a problem. NO label as with so many of her plants. Sometimes she has some common name that I can look up which does help. I accepted this cactus because, 1) I wanted it, 2) I couldn’t help myself, and 3) I don’t use my own advice when it comes to buying plants that are not labeled… Then again, I wasn’t buying this plant. It was a gift so I am off the hook. I remembered seeing this cactus in a photo of an old book on cactus, so I figured I could easily find the name anyway. Over a year later…

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-5-17, #325-2.

When I brought this cactus home, I put it in the bed behind the old foundation of my grandparent’s house. Along with a few other succulents I was experimenting with, they were soon covered up by the Marigold ‘Red Brocade’ also growing in the bed. Then, months later, after a hard freeze and in the middle of the night, a thought popped into my head. “OH CRAP, I forgot about the cactus!” I grabbed the flashlight and went to check on it and it was just fine.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-27-17, #335-1.

While my computer was out for repair I had a lot of time on my hands. SO, one evening I decided to try and find the name of this cactus. Unfortunately, I could not find the book I was thinking about, but I did find another one I had forgotten about. The book is titled “Cactus Of The Southwest” by W. Huben Earle, copyright 1963. Getting past the technical description of this cactus, it stated that the origin was unknown but it was introduced into England in 1830 by Loddiges (now I have to figure out who he was). It further said it could be found growing in Arizona, New Mexico, Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma and northern Mexico…

USEFUL INFORMATION:
Family: Cactaceae
Origin: Southwest United States and Northern Mexico
Zones: USDA Zones 4a-11 (-30 to 40° F)
Size: 4-10’ tall plus
Light: Full sun
Soil: Very well-draining soil
Water: Average water needs during the summer.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-31-17, #339-44,

It also mentioned other synonyms not mentioned in The Plant List, Llifle, or the CactusGuide. It mentioned Cactus cylindricus James 1783. SO, I checked that name out on The Plant List and it says that name is unresolved as is Cactus cylindricus Lam. SO, the same name unresolved with two men wanting the credit. BUT, the old book gives the date 1783 for J. James description while The Plant List says 1825. The other guy, who’s name abbreviation is “Lam.”, documentation is dated 1783. His name is SO LONG I didn’t even want to write it down. There are two synonyms with the same name documented by Ortega in 1800 and Vellozo in 1825. It also lists Opuntia magna and Opuntia spinotecta by Griffiths both in 1914. Then I got a headache so I didn’t do any further research at the time.

Upon further research later…

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 6-11-17, #343-5.

The Cylindropuntia imbricata is native to the southwestern United States and northern Mexico, including cooler areas not known to other cacti. They have also naturalized in arid regions in South Africa, South America, the Mediterranean basin and Australia.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 6-18-17, #345-8.

In some areas, this cactus has become invasive because the stem joints fall off and take root or they get stuck in animals fur and fall off somewhere else. Even though the fruit are spiny, some animals, even cows, eat them and then defecate the seeds.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 6-24-17, #349-18.

There are many common names for this cactus including Tree Cholla, Giant Tree Cholla, Candelabrum Cactus, Cane Cactus, Walkingstick Cactus, Tree Cactus, Tope Pear, Hudson Pear, Rosea Cactus, Devil’s Rope Cactus, Chain=Link Cactus, Cane Cholla and Coyote Candles.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 10-22-17, #385-5.

According to the Wikipedia, the plants are grown as ornamentals. Their dead stems decay to leave a hollow tube with a pattern of lengthwise slits which can be used as canes or to make curios. The Roman Catholic Penitentes used to tie fresh stems of this cactus to their back during Holy Week processions. OUCH!!!

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 12-3-17, #392-2.

On December 3, 2017, when the above photo was taken, this cactus was not looking so hot. Well, it is winter…

 

<<<<2018>>>>

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 1-21-18m #404-1.

January was very cold with several days -10 degrees F. The Cylindropuntia imbricata was not looking so good… I was wondering if it were a goner.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-6-18, #436-15.

Then, when temps started warming up, it started showing signs of life.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-17-18, #443-28.

I think it is interesting how it grows leaves in the spring.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-25-18, #448-7.

That leads to more stems…

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 5-31-18, #450-18.

The Cylindropuntia imbricata can grow to a height of 15’ but their typical height is around 3’. They have two kinds of stems (cladodes). The main stem (orthotropic) that supports the plant grows plagiotropic stems which grow in a star-like pattern. These produce purple or magenta flowers in late spring to early summer. The flowers are followed by yellowish fruit which are tubercular (lumpy) like the stems.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 6-14-18, #459-20.

The Cylindropuntia imbricata is a very interesting plant to grow. It is doing something different almost everytime I take photos.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata on 6-28-18, #465-9.

Hmmm… It was growing leaves again when I took the above photo on June 28.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata (Tree Cholla) on 7-29-18, #487-35.

Which led to another growth spurt…

I will continue adding more photos and information as time goes by.

I hope you enjoyed this page and maybe found it useful. If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “like” if you visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. 🙂 You can check out the links below for further reading. The links take you directly to the genus and species of this plant.

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/SPECIES)
LLIFLE (ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIVING FORMS)
DAVE’S GARDEN
CACTUSGUIDE (GENUS/SPECIES)
SOUTHWEST COLORADO WILDFLOWERS
THE AMERICAN SOUTHWEST
CHOLLA WEB
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
LEARN 2 GROW

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