Multiflora Rose, Rambler Rose
Synonym of Rosa multiflora (1)(Updated on 1-13-23 from Plants of the World Online): Rosa polyanthos Rössing (1799)(nom. superfl.)
Synonyms of Rosa multiflora var. multiflora (67)(Updated on 1-13-23 from POWO): I didn’t want to add the whole list but if you want to view them on POWO click HERE.
Rosa multiflora Thunb. is the accepted scientific name for this species of Rosa. It was named and described as such by Carl Peter Thunberg in the 14th edition of Systema Vegetabilium in 1784.
Accepted Infraspecific Names (3)(Updated on 1-13-23 from POWO): Rosa multiflora var. adenochaeta (Koidz.) Ohwi (1953), Rosa multiflora var. cathayensis Rehder & E.H.Wilson (1915), *Rosa multiflora var. multiflora (autonum). *When an infraspecific taxon is named, an autonym (“type-specimen”) is automatically created that is closest to the (original) species. All have their own list of synonyms. The autonym is the only species found in North America.
The genus Rosa L. was named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 1-13-23 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online lists 262 species in the Rosa genus. It is a member of the plant family Rosaceae with 110 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO.
The above distribution map for Rosa multiflora is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native and purple where it has been introduced. The map on the USDA Plants Database for North America is a little different.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A POSITIVE ID.
There are several Rosa multiflora (Multiflora Rose) growing on the family farm in west-central Missouri. I am not a big fan of Roses, probably because of their thorns, but we agree to disagree. When I first moved back to the family farm in 2013, dad and I worked on the fences and pulled several of these roses with a chain hooked on the tractor. There is a HHHHUUUUGGGGEEEE bush in the back pasture and several other smaller bushes growing here and there. Most of them are in fence rows (all but one) and they are no problem so I just let them grow. They provide shelter (and cover) for birds and rabbits. Their flowers provide food for a variety of insects.
Several species of birds feed on their fruit over the winter.
I will come back later and write decriptions. When I wrote this page on 1-13-22, I was in the middle of making annual updates to this site. It is a winter project. Once updates are finished, I will come back and write descriptions on new pages.
I live on the family farm in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street, and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 250 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be variable from location to location, so that can be a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at email@example.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF MISSOURI (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MISSOURI CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT
CLIMBERS- UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
PFAF (PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂