Eastern Purple Coneflower
Echinacea purpurea (L) Moench is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Eastern Purple Coneflower. It was named and described by Conrad Moench in Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis in 1794. It was first named Rudbeckia purpurea L. by Carl von Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753.
Echinacea Moench is the correct and accepted scientific name for the genus. It was named and described by Conrad Moench in the same publication as the species Echinacea purpurea.
I dug several divisions of this Echinacea purpurea from a business north of where I live. I have been “eye-balling” them for five years and finally decided I would ask if I could have a few divisions. I took the owners of the business a couple dozen eggs in the spring and told her I would clean up the bed if I could have a few divisions She said, “Yeah, sure. They aren’t ours.” Well, they rent the building… So, I cleaned out the bed and removed all the previous year’s dead leaves, stems, and flowers. Then I brought home a few divisions.
I am sure the plants I brought home are a cultivar and not the “native” species. I haven’t grown the native species of Echinacea purpurea yet, but I intend to do so and have them in several locations throughout the farm. There are a lot of them growing along the highways. There are also many cultivars I would like to try.
I put most of the divisions n the flower bed behind the old foundation where my grandparent’s house used to be.
I put other divisions in the southeast corner bed the house. Only one survived transplanting in this bed.
Zones: USDA zone 2a-10b (-50-35 ° F)
Size: 24-26” +
Light: Full sun to part shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Water: Drought tolerant once established
Propagation: Division and seed
The plants behind the old foundation did well and had started to bud when the above photo was taken on June 14.
I am very happy the Purple Coneflower flowered. Yeah, I know the grass needs to be pulled in the bed but sometimes I get busy on the farm, or maybe it is too hot. I know I will think of more reasons if you give me a chance. 🙂
After a couple of weeks, the flowers started to fade leaving behind the spiky cones. I never realized how stiff and sharp they were until I grew them myself.
I was happy to find the Echinacea purpurea cv. ‘?’ made it through the winter and was starting to come up when the above photo was taken on March 24.
All the plants in the planter behind the old foundation survived the winter. The one in the southeast corner bed of the house also returned.
There is a lot of information online about the Echinacea purpurea but I just added a few good links below.
If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please check out the following links for further reading.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
CORNELL UNIVERSITY GROWING GUIDE