Rudbeckia hirta (Black-Eyed Susan, Brown-Eyed Susan, Gloriosia Daisy, Etc.)

Rudbeckia hirta (Brown-Eyed Susan) in the hayfield on 7-9-13, #161-9.

Black-Eyed Susan

Rudbeckia hirta

rud-BEK-ee-ah HER-tuh

Synonyms of Rudbeckia hirta (29) (Updated on 2-22-21 from Plants of the World Online): Centrocarpha gracilis (Nutt.) D.Don ex G.Don, Centrocarpha hirta (L.) D.Don ex G.Don, Coreopsis hirta (L.) Raf., Helianthus hirtus (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Rudbeckia amplectens T.V.Moore, Rudbeckia brittonii Small, Rudbeckia discolor Elliott, Rudbeckia gracilis Nutt., Rudbeckia hirta var. annulata Clute, Rudbeckia hirta var. bicolor Clute, Rudbeckia hirta var. brittonii (Small) Fernald, Rudbeckia hirta f. dichrona Clute, Rudbeckia hirta f. flavescens Clute, Rudbeckia hirta f. gigantea Clute, Rudbeckia hirta f. homochroma Steyerm., Rudbeckia hirta var. major Hook., Rudbeckia hirta var. monticola (Small) Fernald, Rudbeckia hirta var. tubuliformis Burnham, Rudbeckia hirta f. viridiflora Burnham, Rudbeckia monticola Small, Rudbeckia serotina f. annulata (Clute) Fernald & B.G.Schub., Rudbeckia serotina f. dichrona (Clute) Moldenke, Rudbeckia serotina f. flavescens (Clute) Moldenke, Rudbeckia serotina f. frondosa (Clute) Moldenke, Rudbeckia serotina f. gigantea (Clute) Moldenke, Rudbeckia serotina f. homochroma (Steyerm.) Fernald & B.G.Schub., Rudbeckia serotina f. novae-caesareae Oswald, Rudbeckia serotina f. tubuliformis (Burnham) Fernald & B.G.Schub., Rudbeckia serotina f. viridiflora (Burnham) Fernald & B.G.Schub.

Rudbeckia hirta L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Rudbeckia. The genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.

Plants of the World Online lists 24 accepted species in the Rudbeckia genus (as of 5-22-21 when I last updated this page). It is a member of the plant family Asteraceae with 1,671 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made by POWO. The number of genera in the family changes quite often, up and down… 

Distribution map for Rudbeckia hirta from the USDA Plants Database. Published on the internet at https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov/home. Retrieved on May 22, 2021.

The above distribution map for Rudbeckia hirta is from the USDA Plants Database. The species is native to areas in green and introduced into Alaska. The map on Plants of the World Online wasn’t up-to-date for North America, but it does show where the species has been introduced in other parts of the world. 

The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations.

THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.

Rudbeckia hirta in the back pasture on 7-9-13, #161-10.

We have A LOT of Black-Eyed Susan on the farm and you can see them just about anywhere in the countryside.

Rudbeckia hirta in the garden with the potatoes on 6-24-17, #349-68.

Whenever I see any of these plants in the garden or flower beds I just let them grow. Never hurts to have a few pollinators here and there for bees and butterflies.

Rudbeckia hirta in front of the chicken house next to the Equisetum hyemale (Horsetail) on 7-9-17, #355-40.

USEFUL INFORMATION:
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Origin: Native to most of the United States and Canada at least.
Zones: USDA Zones 3a-9b (-40 to 25° F)
Size: 24-36” tall x 12-24” wide
Light: Sun
Soil: Average, well-drained soil
Water: Average
Tolerates: Heat, drought, and just about any soil type.
Maintenance: Can deadhead to increase more flower production.

Rudbeckia hirta in the northeast corner bed next to the old foundation on 7-19-17, #357-66.

Rudbeckia hirta is very self-seeding so deadheading when they are in your flower beds may be a good idea. There are many popular cultivars of Rudbeckia hirta and I grew three in 2017.

Various Native American tribes used Rudbeckia hirta as an herbal remedy for colds, flu, infections, swelling, and snakebite. Apparently, all parts of this plant are NOT edible, though.

<<<<2018>>>>

Rudbeckia hirta on 10-3-18, #514-21.

I had started getting more into the identification of wildflowers on the farm which sometimes required multiple photos of various parts of the plants.

Rudbeckia hirta flowers on 10-3-18, #514-22.

Rudbeckia hirta seems pretty self-explanatory for the most part, but there are three other varieties of Rudbeckia hirta besides the species. Rudbeckia hirta var. angustifolia, Rudbeckia hirta var. floridana, and Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima are the other three. Besides that, the Missouri Department of Conservation website says there are nine species of Rudbeckia in Missouri. From a distance, you cannot tell the difference.

Rudbeckia hirta stems on 10-3-18, #514-23.

I suppose I should take more photos of the distinguishing features of this species to properly determine what it, or they, really are. Hmmm…

I will continue to add more photos and information as time goes by. I am sure they aren’t going anywhere soon. 🙂

I hope you enjoyed this page and maybe found it useful. If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “like” if you visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. 🙂 You can check out the links below for further reading. The links take you directly to the genus and species of this plant.

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)

TROPICOS (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA PLANT GUIDE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MISSOURI PLANTS
iNATURALIST
WILDFLOWERSEARCH.ORG
DAVE’S GARDEN
ILLINOIS WILDFLOWERS
MINNESOTA WILDFLOWERS
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
PFAF (PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
GO BOTANY
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
FLORA FINDER
FRIENDS OF THE WILDFLOWER GARDEN
GARDENIA
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂

 

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