Prairie Milkweed, Tall Green Milkweed
Synonyms of Asclepias hirtella (4) )(Updated on 11-12-22 from Plants of the World Online): Acerates hirtella Pennell, Asclepias longifolia var. hirtella (Pennell) B.L.Turner, Asclepias longifolia subsp. hirtella (Pennell) J.Farmer & C.R.Bell, Oligoron longifolium var. hirsutum Raf.
Asclepias hirtella (Pennell) Woodson is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Prairie Milkweed. It was named and described as such by Robert Everard Woodson in Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden in 1941. It was first named and described as Acerates hirtella by Francis Whittier Pennell in the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club in 1919.
The genus, Asclepias L., was named and described by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 11-12-22 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 205 accepted species in the Asclepias genus. It is a member of the plant family Apocynaceae with 369 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist and continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
There are several species of Milkweeds growing on the farm and other areas I go wildflower hunting. Asclepias hirtella, also known as the Prarie Milkweed and Tall Green Milkweed, was one of the first I observed on the farm in 2013. Back then, the only other Milkweed was the Asclepias syriaca (Common Milkweed) that grows along the edge of the lagoon. I noticed that once the hay is cut, the A. hirtella will grow and rebloom… As with all Milkweeds, it is a very beneficial species for a multitude of insects.
Asclepias hirtella is a perennial wildflower that is a less common Milkweed found in pastures, prairies, and along roadsides in the area. They prefer full sun and grow in a variety of soils and conditions.
They grow multiple single stems from the base which can be either smooth (glabrous) or have very fine short hairs (densely pubescent). The stems can be light green, reddish-green, or a combination of the two.
Hmmm… Clusters (umbels) of flowers grow from axils of the mid to upper leaves, 2-10 per stem and usually 1 per leaf… Each umbel produces 25-100 flowers on short, slender, light green pedicels. Peduncles and pedicels are densely pubescent. Peduncles and pedicels are the stems between the leafs axils and umbels and are the same thing depending on the quantity of flowers…
Greenish white flowers with purplish tips or spots, approximately 1/8” across. Flowers have 5 sepals, a corolla with 5 lobes that hang downward. They are more complicated than that but I am staring blank-faced at descriptions… Maybe I can take some “good” close-ups and explain their flowers further…
The leaves grow in an alternate manner along the stems, are narrow and lance-shaped (narrowly lanceolate) with sharp points. The leaves have short hairs making them rough to the touch. The leaves usually curve upward along each side the central vein giving them a V-shape like a boat. Sometimes the entire leaf may curve upward…
The smooth dehiscent (opening from a single split) seed pods (follicles) are 4-5” long and grow from the pistils of fertile flowers.
Once the fruit dries, it split open revealing the fuzzy seed… Or a seed with a lot of white hair. 🙂
When the seed pod is really dry, they split open even more…
The seed floats through the air and can travel quite far on windy days.
There are more photos from 2022 at the bottom of the page.
Asclepias hirtella can be distinguished from other Milkweed species by its long, narrow leaves that grow in an alternate manner along the stems rather than opposite like other Milkweeds. Flowers are greenish-white and lack “horns” in the hoods of the flowers. Asclepias hirtella produces more umbels per plant than most other Milkweed species…
I live on a small farm in Windsor, Missouri where I enjoy gardening, collecting plants, and identifying wildflowers. The farm is in Pettis County but Henry County is across the street, and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away. I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 250 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION
SAVE THE DUNES
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
FLORA OF WISCONSIN
KANSAS NATIVE PLANTS
MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂
PHOTOS FROM 2022…