Daucus carota-Queen Anne’s Lace, Wild Carrot

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-25-19, #606-20.

Queen Anne’s Lace, Wild Carrot, Bishop’s Lace, ETC.

Daucus carota

DO-kus  kar-OH-tuh

Synonyms of Daucus carotaCarota sylvestris (Mill.) Lobel ex Rupr., Caucalis carnosa Roth, Caucalis carota (L.) Crantz, Caucalis daucus Crantz, Daucus agrestis Raf., Daucus alatus Poir., Daucus allionii Link, Daucus blanchei Reut., Daucus brevicaulis Raf., Daucus carota var. brachycaulos Reduron, Daucus carota subsp. caporientalis Reduron, Daucus carota f. epurpuratus Farw., Daucus carota var. linearis Reduron, Daucus carota var. pseudocarota (Rouy & E.G.Camus) Reduron, Daucus carota f. roseus Millsp., Daucus carota subsp. valeriae Reduron, Daucus communis Rouy & E.G.Camus, Daucus communis var. pseudocarota Rouy & E.G.Camus, Daucus dentatus Bertol., Daucus esculentus Salisb., Daucus exiguus Steud., Daucus heterophylus Raf., Daucus kotovii M.Hiroe, Daucus levis Raf., Daucus marcidus Timb.-Lagr., Daucus montanus Schmidt ex Nyman, Daucus neglectus Lowe, Daucus nudicaulis Raf., Daucus officinalis Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Daucus scariosus Raf., Daucus sciadophylus Raf., Daucus strigosus Raf., Daucus sylvestris Mill., Daucus vulgaris Neck., Platyspermum alatum (Poir.) Schult., Tiricta daucoides Raf.

Daucus carota L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Daucus. The genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.

Accepted Infraspecific names of Daucus carota: Daucus carota subsp. azoricus Franco, Daucus carota subsp. cantabricus A.Pujadas, Daucus carota subsp. corsoccidentalis Reduron, Daucus carota subsp. fontanesii Thell., Daucus carota subsp. gummifer (Syme) Hook.f., Daucus carota subsp. halophilus (Brot.) A.Pujadas, Daucus carota subsp. majoricus A.Pujadas, Daucus carota var. meriensis Reduron, Daucus carota subsp. otaportensis Reduron

Daucus are members of the Apiaceae Family along with 443 other genera. Plants of the World Online lists 45 species in the Daucus genus (as of when I am updating this page on February 9, 2020). Those numbers could change.

 

Distribution map for Daucus carota from Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/. Retrieved February 11, 2020.

Daucus carota is found in many parts of the world as seen in the above map from Plants of the World Online. The species is native in areas in green and introduces in areas that are purple.

 

Distribution map of Daucus carota from the USDA Plants Database.

As you can see by the above map from the USDA Plants Database, the distribution of Daucus carota in North America is much more widespread than the map from POWO indicates.

There are links at the bottom of the page for further reading and to help you make a positive ID.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-24-19, #605-9.

Daucus carota is a European biennial wildflower that has naturalized throughout North America. It’s flat-topped flower clusters resemble Achillea millefolium from a distance but there is more here than meets the eye.

I have been back on the family farm since 2013 and I have not noticed any Queen Anne’s Lace here. They were growing in abundance at a friend’s farm where I was working in 2019 which is where these photos came from.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-24-19, #605-10.

I am not going to write a lengthy botanical description of the flowers. Once you know what it looks like you will not forget it. You can see the links below for botanical

Their long flowering stems, 4-20″ long, terminate with solitary flat-topped compound umbels. Each umbel consists of 20-90 “umbellets” with 15-60 flowers.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-24-19, #605-11.

Being a biennial, Daucus carota produces a rosette of leaves the first season without flowering. The second season gives rise to the flowering stems. Stems are light green (sometimes with a reddish tint), are vertically veined and hollow, and grow 2-5 feet tall.

Leaves grow in an alternate form, normally hairless (glabrous), are bipinnately divided. The leaves are attached to the stem by sheaths, about 2” long, that become partially detached. It is somewhat hard to explain so I will attempt to take some close-up shots in 2020. Think of the way celery is attached and breaks off the stalk.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-24-19, #605-12.

Under the compound umbels (GEEZ) are pinnately divided thread-like bracts…

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-25-19, #606-20.

Hmmm… This is the same photograph as at the top of the page. You can see how from a distance they resemble Achillea millefolium (Common Yarrow).

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-25-19, #606-21.

On July 25 I noticed this pink-flowered Daucus carota. This was quite a surprise when all the other plants have white flowers. I also found a single pink-flowered Achillea millefolium growing in another area. I debated digging it up and bringing it home but I waited too long and it disappeared. The cows must have eaten it so I was glad I took photos.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-25-19, #606-22.

Typical flowers of Daucus carota only in a different color.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-25-19, #606-23.

It’s kind of neat how the flowers are folded up in a wad at first. Completely different than Achillea millefolium buds.

 

Daucus carota (Queen Anne’s Lace) on 7-25-19, #606-24.

Perhaps if I see again in 2020 I should dig it up and bring it home… 🙂

I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and most have pages listed on the right side of the blog. I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a horticulturalist I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.

I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at thebelmontrooster@yahoo.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.

 FOR FURTHER READING:

PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/SPECIES)
DAVE’S GARDEN
*MISSOURI PLANTS*
*MSU-MIDWEST WEEDS AND WILDFLOWERS*
*iNATURALIST.ORG*
*WILDFLOWERSEARCH.ORG*
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
ILLINOIS WILDFLOWERS
MINNESOTA WILDFLOWERS
IOWA PLANTS
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
PFAF (PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
GO BOTANY
FLORAFINDER.ORG.
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
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