Oxalis tetraphylla-Iron Cross, Lucky Clover, Good Luck Plant

Oxalis tetraphylla (Iron Cross) after I brought it home on 5-5-18, #435-12.

Iron Cross, Lucky Clover, Good Luck Plant

Oxalis tetraphylla

oks-AL-iss   tet-ruh-FIL-uh

Synonyms of Oxalis tetraphylla (15) (Updated on 2-9-21): Acetosella deppei (Lodd. ex Sweet) Kuntze, Acetosella tetraphylla (Cav.) Kuntze, Ionoxalis cuernavacana Rose, Ionoxalis deppei (Lodd. ex Sweet) Small, Ionoxalis divaricata Small, Ionoxalis scopulorum Rose, Ionoxalis tetraphylla (Cav.) Rose, Oxalis cuernavacana (Rose) R.Knuth, Oxalis deppei Lodd. ex Sweet, Oxalis hayi R.Knuth, Oxalis mucronata (Rose ex Small) R.Knuth, Oxalis pseudotetraphylla R.Knuth, Oxalis scopulorum (Rose) R.Knuth, Oxalis tlalpamensis R.Knuth, Sassia tetraphylla (Cav.) Holub

Oxalis tetraphylla Cav. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Oxalis. It was named and described by Antonio José Cavanilles in Icon et Descriptiones Plantarum 3 in 1795.

Accepted intraspecific names of Oxalis tetraphyllaOxalis tetraphylla var. guerreroensis Denton, Oxalis tetraphylla var. mexicana Dento

The genus, Oxalis L., was named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.

Plants of the World Online list 558 accepted species of Oxalis (as of when I updated this page on 3-2-19). It is a member of the plant family Oxalidaceae with five genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made.

THERE ARE A FEW LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING.

Oxalis tetraphylla from the top on 5-5-18, #435-13.

I found this unlabeled Oxalis tetraphylla at Wagler’s Greenhouse on May 5, 2018. They had several Oxalis triangularis subsp. papilionaceae so I picked up two more pots of those, too. You just never know what you will find at the Amish greenhouses. Other people give Wagler’s plants then they share them with their customers. Usually, they just know the common name, or whatever name they were told.

Oxalis tetraphylla on 5-17-18, #443-69.

It is possible this Oxalis tetraphylla is the cultivar ‘Iron Cross’ but there is no 100% sure way of knowing. One of the common names is also Iron Cross because that name became what it was called by people passing it around. Other common names include Lucky Clover and Lucky Plant. The species growing in the wild are known as Four-Leaved Sorrel and Four-Leaved Pink Sorrel. Although they resemble clover, Oxalis are not true clovers. 

They are closely related to Wood Sorrels, also in the Oxalis genera, and share the sharp lemony flavor. They are edible, but due to the oxalic acid content, eating too much can interfere with the absorption of certain nutrients in the body, especially calcium.

USEFUL INFORMATION:
Family: Oxalidaceae.
Origin: Mexico.
Zones: USDA Zones 8a-10b (10 to 35° F).
Size: 6-12”.
Light: Sun to part shade.
Soil: Well-draining.
Water: Average.

Oxalis tetraphylla is perennial in USDA zones above 8a, but in cooler areas bulbs should be brought inside and stored for the winter. My Oxalis triangularis subsp. papilionaceae went dormant when temps got cooler before I took the plants inside for the winter. It came back up in the pot the first part of May after I put the pots back outside. Probably the Oxalis tetraphylla will do the same but only time will tell.

Oxalis tetraphylla on 7-29-18, #487-72.

I had to relocate most of the potted plants to the front porch on July 4 because of a Japanese Beetle invasion. The potted plants had been on tables under a Chinese Elm tree which the beetles love. The whole environment changed.

Oxalis tetraphylla on 10-10-18, #519-56.

I had to bring the potted plants inside on October 10 in 2018 because temps were getting cooler and an “F” was in the forecast. The Oxalis tetraphylla did very well over the summer of 2018.

<<<<2019>>>>

Oxalis tetraphylla on 6-16-19, #591-36.

I have several pots of Oxalis and some go dormant and some do not. The Oxalis tetraphylla is definitely one that does. It finally started coming up again after I moved the plants outside in May 2019…

I was fairly busy in 2019, so I didn’t take many photos of some of the plants…

<<<<2020>>>>

Oxalis tetraphylla on 6-7-20, #708-10.

Well, the Oxalis tetraphylla survived going dormant again over the winter and is now looking good for 2020. I brought home another one from Wagler’s because I wasn’t sure if the old one was going to come up. It finally did and then I put them all in the same pot.

Oxalis tetraphylla on 10-15-20, #747-85.

I really like this Oxalis with its dark green and maroon leaves. Supposedly, they make great houseplants but I suppose they may still go dormant.

I will keep adding more photos and information as long as it wakes up in the spring.

I hope you enjoyed this page and maybe found it useful. If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “like” if you visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. 🙂 You can check out the links below for further reading. The links take you directly to the genus and species of this plant.

The Pacific Bulb Society has a great write up about the Oxalis genus you can click on HERE to read. They also have information on several species which you can find HERE. This is a great website with a LOT of information on many genera and species of plants. Their information can sometimes be a little outdated because some of the species (ETC.) they talk about are synonyms now…

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/SPECIES)
DAVE’S GARDEN
PLANTOPEDIA
PFAF (PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
GARDENIA
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2 comments on “Oxalis tetraphylla-Iron Cross, Lucky Clover, Good Luck Plant

  1. Anonymous says:

    Hi, calling from England. I have this growing in my garden and was told it is known as Oxalis Maltese Cross. I have not investigated to see whether it is corm, tuberose or other. jOHN

    Liked by 1 person

    • Hello John! The Maltese Cross is usually the common name of Lychnis chalcedonica. I did run across a forum where someone wanted to know the name of a plant growing in their garden that came in a pot of lilies. Someone identified the plant as Maltese Cross but that is the only place I have ever seen that name associated with any species of Oxalis. Plants of the World Online by Kew currently lists 545 accepted species of Oxalis and are members of the Wood Sorrel family Oxalidaceae. People from all over the world pass along different common names, so maybe where you are from some gardeners have passed along the name Maltese Cross. I forgot to write it in, but the Oxalis tetraphylla is also called the Four-Leaved Pink Sorrel or Four-Leaved Sorrel. I guess I need to add that, huh? Some people don’t like the Sorrels because some species can get a bit carried away.

      Many species. like this one, do have bulbs and do multiply underground. This is the first year I have had the Oxalis tetraphylla, so I am anxious to see if they will go dormant and return in the spring in their pot. Where I live, they won’t survive the winter in the ground.

      Thanks for the comment and I am very glad to hear from you.

      Like

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