Philodendron hederaceum-Heart Leaf or Velvet Leaf Philodendron

Philodendron hederaceum hanging in the west sunroom at the mansion on 10-24-11, #83-16.

Velvet Leaf or Heart Leaf Philodendron

Philodendron hederaceum

fil-od-DEN-dron hed-er-AYE-see-um

Syns.

Philodendron scandens
Philodendron micans
Philodendron scandens micans
Philodendron oxycardium

Philodendron hederaceum (Jacq.) Schott is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Philodendron. It was named ad described as such by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott in Wiener Zeitschrift für Kunst in 1829. It was first named Arum hederaceum by Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin in Enumeratio Systematica Plantarum in 1760.

 

Philodendron hederaceum hanging in the Ligustrum three in the backyard at the mansion on 8-12-12, #115-75. I was borrowing a friends camera and didn’t realize the brightness setting hadn’t been set.

Suzanne had bought two Philodendrons from Lowe’s before she became ill in January 2009 (She passed on March 30, 2009). One had shiny dark green leaves and the other had velvety leaves with kind of maroon color. The tag with one with green leaves said Philodendron scandens and the other said Philodendron scandens micans.

 

Philodendron hederaceum. the velvet-leaved form, in the west sunroom at the mansion on 10-21-12, #123-10.

Over the years, botanists and collectors have argued about the actual name for this plant. Originally, Mr. Jacquin named the species Arum hederaceum in 1760, but it was definitely not an Arum. Oh, it was an Aroid alright, just not an Arum. Then, in 1829, it was given its proper name Philodendron hederaceum. The deal with Philodendrons and many other aroids is that no two leaves are alike. Not only that, but they can be quite variable from one plant to another. Plus, as Philodendrons mature, they change even more. Their leaves become MUCH larger than anyone could imagine from a houseplant. The plants we grow as houseplants are in their juvenile form and even if the same plant survives for many years, it will always be in this form as long as it is in a pot. These differences from plant to plant led botanists and collectors to believe there were several different species. Even though it has been proven that Philodendron scandens, Philodendron micans, Philodendron oxycardium, etc. are all the same species, many still disagree.

 

Philodendron hederaceum, the green-leaved form, hanging in the east sunroom on 10-21-12, #123-11.

As soon as temperatures allowed, I would take the potted plant outside. I always hung the two Philodendron hederaceum in the Ligustrum tree in the backyard. The green-leaved form grew much faster and fuller than the other and I had to keep hanging it higher in the tree.

USEFUL INFORMATION:
Family: Araceae
Origin: Mexico, Central & South America, Caribbean
Zones: USDA Zones (° F)
Size: Hmmm….
Light: Light to part shade
Soil: Well-drained
Water: Average

 

My parents Philodendron hederaceum on 10-31-17, #387-21.

After I sold the mansion in Leland, Mississippi, dad asked me to move back to the family farm in mid-Missouri. I had to give up around 200 potted plants including the two Philodendrons. Mom and dad had one that they brought home from mom’s cousins funeral. It didn’t look very well and one day dad asked me to do something with it. I told him that in order for these plants to do well, they need to hang. So, I unwrapped the stems that were wrapped around the pot and let them hang over the edge of the bookshelf it was on. It didn’t take long for it to take off after that. Now I have one stem hanging over a nail on the wall.

There is another plant that many people mistake for a Philodendron, which is also a popular “funeral” plant. Commonly known as the Pothos, the Epipremnum aureum, is also quite variable and caused the same confusion with species names. Finally, after MANY YEARS, a flower was found which solved the mystery. The link above takes you to the page on this blog about the species.

 

Typical Philodendron hederaceum leaf on 1-20-18, #403-8.

The tips of the leaves of the Philodendron hederaceum are different than the Epipremnum aureum. They are more pointed and somewhat “cupped” which is believed helps water drain off the leaves.

 

Leaves of the Philodendron hederaceum (right) and Epipremnum aureum (right) on 1-20-18, #403-7.

The yellow color of the Epipremnum aureum leaf is not what they normally look like. It was a leaf that was dying and needed to be removed. The photo shows the difference between the two plants.

 

Protective sheath on the Philodendron hederaceum on 1-20-18, #403-9.

There is also a protective sheath where the petiole grows from the stem. The Epipremnum aureum doesn’t have these. The Epipremnum aureum petioles have a groove where the leaves emerge from that the Philodendron hederaceum don’t have.

The link to the Exotic Rainforest below is a good article to read and gives a very good explanation of the many names. For the industry, however, the more names they can use, the more plants they can sell. So, although you see plants at the garden center, florist shop, etc. with different leaf colors, some being all free, some with reddish undersides or a velvety appearance, they are all the same species, Philodendron hederaceum, no matter what the label says.

I did notice when I was making this page that Costa Farms (Exotic Angel Plants) has changed the names on their website. They have named the green leaved form Green Heartleaf Philodendron and they have the species name correct. WOW!!! The other one they have named Micans Philodendron and have the species as Philodendron hederaceum micans. Well, at least they got one right. They have another one they are calling ‘Brasil’, which they say is a patented name. That plant is actually Philodendron hederaceum var. oxycardium, which is an accepted infraspecific name whether they have a patent on a cultivar name or not.

I think I may see if there are some other Philodendrons available from Lowe’s. Never know, maybe there is a piece laying on the floor that needs to be rescued. 🙂

I hope you enjoyed this page and maybe found it useful. If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “like” if you visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. 🙂 You can check out the links below for further reading. The links take you directly to the genus and species of this plant.

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/SPECIES)
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
DAVE’S GARDEN
*EXOTIC RAINFOREST*
LEARN2GROW
PLANTS ARE THE STRANGEST PEOPLE
PLANTS RESCUE

Please leave a comment. I would like to hear from you.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.