Synonyms of Pastinaca sativa (25) (Updated on 5-19-21 from Plants of the World Online): Anethum pastinaca Wibel, Pastinaca angulosa Dulac, Pastinaca arvensis Steud., Pastinaca capensis Sond., Pastinaca esculenta Salisb., Pastinaca fleischmannii Hladnik, Pastinaca heracleoides (Boros) Kotov, Pastinaca insularis Calest., Pastinaca insularis Rouy & E.G.Camus, Pastinaca latifolia Ledeb., Pastinaca lutea Gilib., Pastinaca opaca Bernh. ex Hornem., Pastinaca pratensis H.Mart., Pastinaca propinqua Jord. ex Boreau, Pastinaca sylvestris Garsault, Pastinaca sylvestris Mill., Pastinaca taraxacifolia Fisch. ex Schult., Pastinaca tereticaulis Boreau ex Celak., Pastinaca vulgaris Bubani, Peucedanum fleischmannii (Hladnik) Arcang., Peucedanum opacum Franch., Peucedanum pastinaca Baill., Peucedanum sativum (L.) Benth., Selinum opacum (Bernh. ex Hornem.) E.H.L.Krause, Selinum pastinaca Crantz
Pastinaca sativa L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Wild Parsnip. Both the genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 15 species in the Pastinaca genus (as of 5-19-21 when I last updated this page). It is a member of the plant family Apiaceae with 440 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made.
The above distribution map for Pastinaca sativa is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native and purple where it has been introduced. While the map on the USDA Plants Database (below) shows a much broader range for the U.S. and Canada, the map on POWO shows where the species is native and where it has been introduced in other parts of the world.
POWO gets some of their maps for the United States and Canada from Flora of North America for families recognized on that site. When I wrote and updated this page FNA had not yet included genera from the plant family Apiaceae. The editor of POWO said they would start using maps from the USDA Plants Database for families not included on FNA later in 2021.
The distribution map above for Pastinaca sativa is from the USDA Plants Database. All areas in blue show where the species has been introduced. This species is not native to the U.S. and Canada…
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
I took the photos of the Pastinaca sativa (Wild Parsnip) along the road in front of the pasture on my farm on May 20 in 2017. There are always several of these plants so I really need to take more photos. Wild Parsnips are a common sight along highways, back roads, and pastures throughout Missouri and the rest of the country for that matter.
It is quite odd to me how the edible culinary parsnip is the same species as the Wild Parsnip. Both the culinary form and the Wild Parsnip have sap that contains furanocoumarins which cause photodermatitis in sensitive individuals. This can also affect poultry and livestock…
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment, but I have A LOT of wildflower pages to make and publish before I start getting too busy. I update this site and add new pages over the winter but I didn’t get finished. SO, I decided to just make the page with photos and links to other sites for better plant ID. I will be taking more photos over the summer and posting but I will also be working on these pages as I have time.
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street, and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at email@example.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MSU-MIDWEST WEEDS AND WILDFLOWERS
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
PFAF(PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
FRIENDS OF THE WILDFLOWER GARDEN
MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
KANSAS NATIVE PLANTS
INVASIVE PLANT ATLAS OF THE U.S.
CABI-INVASIVE SPECIES COMPENDIUM
MIDWEST INVASIVE SPECIES INFORMATION NETWORK
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON-BURKE HERBARIUM
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂