Pineapple Weed, Pineapple Chamomile, Disc Mayweed
Synonyms of Matricaria discoidea: (17) (Updated on 11-28-22 from Plants of the World Online): Akylopsis suaveolens (Pursh) Lehm., Anthemis inconspicua Fisch. ex Herder, Chamomilla discoidea (DC.) J.Gay ex A.Braun, Chamomilla suaveolens (Pursh) Rydb., Chrysanthemum discodes Jess., Chrysanthemum suaveolens (Pursh) Asch., Cotula matricarioides Bong., Lepidanthus suaveolens (Pursh) Nutt., Lepidotheca suaveolens (Pursh) Nutt., Matricaria suaveolens (Pursh) Buchenau, Matricaria tanacetoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Pyrethrum breviradiatum Schwein. ex Nutt., Pyrethrum defloratum A.Braun, Santolina suaveolens Pursh, Tanacetum matricarioides Ledeb., Tanacetum pauciflorum DC., Tanacetum suaveolens (Pursh) Hook.
The genus, Matricaria L., was named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 11-28-22 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists only five accepted species in the genus Matricaria. The genus is a member of the plant family Asteraceae with 1,689 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO. The number of genera in the family fluctuates quite often…
The above distribution map of Matricaria discoidea is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native and purple is where it has been introduced. The map on the USDA Plants Database for the United States and Canada is similar and includes Nebraska.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist and continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
Matricaria discoidea is a particularly interesting species in a weird kind of way. They come up along the edges of the driveway in the gravel every year without fail and fill the air with a pineapple scent when I mow. In fact, the only place I have seen them here is in my driveway. The species is an annual that spreads by reseeding.
I tried transplanting them in the flower bed but so far it hasn’t worked… They seem to prefer the gravel along the driveway. One website says, “Don’t be shy if you decide to transplant this herb. Dig one up during early spring, then stomp it into a hole with the heel of your shoe. The soil around the roots should be as tightly compressed as possible.” “The plant favors the edges of inhabited areas and likes to pop up in compacted soil.” Hmmm…
The Pineapple Chamomile is a neat little plant that branches out somewhat (especially since the mower keeps pruning them). The ferny leaves grow in an alternate manner along the stems. The leaves can be elliptic to oblong-obovate in outline that are simple, double, or triple compound, and deeply pinnately lobed…
Each stem is topped with a flowerhead that is about 1/3″ across with many greenish-yellow disk florets and no ray florets. Each disk floret has 4 tiny lobes at its apex. The base of the flowerhead has a few overlapping green bracts that are lanceolate or ovate in shape with papery upper margins. The top of the flowerheads are shaped like domes or blunt cones.
The Matricaria discoidea attracts flower flies and is possibly what pollinated them. Personally, I don’t remember seeing flies or bees on the flowers and there are thousands of them.
I hope to be adding more photos and information about this neat little plant in 2021.
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. The farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 250 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at email@example.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF MISSOURI (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂