Star of Bethlehem, Common Star of Bethlehem, Eleven-O’clock Lady, Nap at Noon, Grass Lily, Snowdrop
Synonyms of Ornithogalum umbellatum (21) (Updated on 5-19-21 from Plants of the World Online): Hyacinthus umbellatus (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Ornithogalum affine Boreau, Ornithogalum angustifolium Boreau, Ornithogalum boraeanum Jord. & Fourr., Ornithogalum cespititium Jord. & Fourr., Ornithogalum corymbosum Gaterau, Ornithogalum dioscoridis Bubani, Ornithogalum fasciculatum Timb.-Lagr., Ornithogalum horologicum Stokes, Ornithogalum minus L., Ornithogalum nanum Ten., Ornithogalum parviflorum Jord. & Fourr., Ornithogalum peyrei Timb.-Lagr., Ornithogalum preumbellatum Candargy, Ornithogalum rusticum Jord. & Fourr., Ornithogalum stellare Salisb., Ornithogalum tardans Jord. & Fourr., Ornithogalum umbellatum subsp. angustifolium (Boreau) P.D.Sell, Ornithogalum vulgare Sailer, Scilla campestris Savi, Stellaris corymbosa (Gaterau) Moench
Ornithogalum umbellatum L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Common Sar of Bethlehem. Both the genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus on the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
Plants of the World Online lists 207 species in the Ornithogalum genus (as of 5-19-21 when I last updated this page). It is a member of the plant family Asparagaceae with 119 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made by POWO.
The above distribution map for Ornithogalum umbellatum is from the USDA Plants Database. As shown in blue, it is an introduced species in the United States and Canada.
The above distribution map for Ornithogalum umbellatum from Plants of the World Online is somewhat different. Areas in green are where the species is native and purple where it has been introduced. I included this map to show where the species is native and other parts of the world where it has been introduced.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
The largest colonies of Ornithogalum umbellatum on the farm are located in the back part of the largest hayfield/pasture. They are spread out in an area of approximately 100′ x 30′. They don’t grow that tall, so if the grass is also taller you kind of need to hunt for them. I started getting more into wildflower ID on the farm in 2019 so I took a lot of photos. Then, in 2020, I took quite a few more photos of the species on a friend’s farm. They go by several common names including. Star of Bethlehem, Common Star of Bethlehem, Eleven-O’clock Lady, Nap at Noon, Grass Lily, Snowdrop, and probably others.
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment, but I have A LOT of wildflower pages to make and publish before I start getting too busy. I update this site and add new pages over the winter but I didn’t get finished. SO, I decided to just make the page with photos and links to other sites for better plant ID. I will be taking more photos over the summer and posting but I will also be working on these pages as I have time.
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
PFAF(PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
ROYAL HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂