Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Sun’
Gaillardia x grandiflora
gay-LAR-dee-uh x gran-dih-FLOR-uh
(Gaillardia aristata x Gaillardia pulchella)
Gaillardia x grandiflora Hort. ex Van Houtte is the accepted scientific infraspecific name for this hybrid Gaillardia. It was named and described by Louis Van Houtte in Journal Général d’Horticulture in 1857.
Gaillardia aristata Pursh is the accepted scientific name of this perennial species of Gaillardia. It was named and first described by Frederick Traugott Pursch in Flora Americae Septentrionalis in 1814.
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. is the accepted scientific name for this annual species of Gaillardia. It was named and described by Auguste Denis Fougeroux de Bondaroy in Histoire de l’académie Royale des Sciences in 1786.
The genus, Gaillardia Foug., was also named and described by Auguste Denis Fougeroux de Bondaroy in Histoire de l’académie Royale des Sciences in 1786.
As of 11-26-22 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 21 accepted species in the genus Gaillardia. It is a member of the plant family Asteraceae with 1,689 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO. The number of genera in this family fluctuates quite often.
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My first experience with Gaillardia was from a packet of seeds Suzanne had bought from an Ebay seller from Canada before she passed in March 2009. She had bought A LOT of seeds for me to plant and among them was a packet that said “Gaillardia”. I assume they were Gaillardia aristata as they were a taller species and continued coming up through 2012. I suppose it is possible they could have been G. x grandiflora or possibly even G. pulchella that self-sowed.
I bought a packet of Gaillardia ‘Arizona Red’ from Stokes seeds in the spring of 2012.
Too bad I had to borrow a friends camera and I didn’t know the brightness settings on his camera hadn’t been set. I mentioned it to him and he said he never used the camera before.
The Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Red’ from Stokes did very well and produced a lot of flowers. I don’t know if they would have returned or not because I sold the mansion and moved back to the family farm in mid-Missouri in February 2013.
Then, in 2015, I bought a pot from Wagler’s Greenhouse who’s label said Gaillardia aristata ‘Arizona Sun’.
You know how labeling is, so the species name is incorrect. It should read Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Sun.’ The Arizona Series is a trademark of Benary Seeds.
Benary is a 175-year-old company, still family-owned in its 6th generation. Click on the Benary link below for further information. When you get to the website, click on “company”. Very interesting and amazing this company survived for SIX generations!
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Zones: USDA Zones 2-11, depending on species and cultivar
Size: 12-26” depending on species or cultivar
Light: Sun-part shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Water: Average, drought tolerant
Propagation: Seed, division
Uses: Bedding, borders, cut flowers
The Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Sun’ came back again in the spring of 2016 but not in 2017. I didn’t see any more at the local greenhouses, so maybe they will have them in 2018.
The link to the Missouri Botanical Garden takes you to their Plant Finder which lists 2 species and 8 cultivars of Gaillardia.
Gaillardia does much better if deadheaded but you need to either save the seed or leave some for self-sowing. I usually cut them off and leave them on the ground then later break the cone apart. There are no guarantees the seed will come up, though.
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