Synonyms of Tagetes erecta (10) (Updated on 12-2-22 from Plants of the World Online): Tagetes corymbosa Sweet, Tagetes elongata Willd., Tagetes erecta f. pleniflora Moldenke, Tagetes heterocarpha Rydb., Tagetes major Gaertn., Tagetes patula L., Tagetes patula aurantiaca T.Moore, Tagetes patula nanissima T.Moore, Tagetes remotiflora Kunze, Tagetes tenuifolia Kunth
Tagetes erecta L. is the accepted scientific name for this species of Marigold. The genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 12-2-22 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 49 species in the Tagetes genus. It is a member of the plant family Asteraceae with 1,689 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO. The number of genera in the family fluctuates quite often.
THERE ARE A FEW LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING.
I found a packet of seeds for the Marigold ‘Sparky’ in a box of Suzanne’s after we moved to Mississippi and were unpacking in 2009. SO, I planted them. The packet had a photo, of course, and were single flowers, which is what they produced. Now, I look online and the Marigold ‘Sparky’ are mostly double. Only a couple of websites said “single and double”.
I don’t remember the details on the packet of seeds, but information online says they grow to around 12″ tall. I don’t remember much about the ‘Sparky’ Marigolds except that they continued coming up from reseeding from 2009 through 2011.
Previously, French types were considered Tagetes patula, but now they have found their way to the genus Tagetes erecta. Many scientific names have changed over the past several years, and some of the changes have been surprising. Previously, the taller Marigolds were Tagetes erecta while the shorter, bushier types were Tagetes patula… I am not a botanist, so I just go with the flow…
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FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/T. erecta/T. patula)
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY