Fabaceae (Leguminosae) Family:

Baptisia australis cv. ? (Blue Wild Indigo, Blue False Indigo) on 5-23-21, #798-3.

Fabaceae Lindl.

fab-AY-see-ee
OR
fab-AY-see-eye

The plant family Fabaceae was named and described by John Lindley in An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany in 1836.

In the beginning of time, well, maybe not that far back, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu named the plant family Leguminosae. He described the name in Genera Plantarum in 1789. This family is now, or maybe I should say once again, a synonym of the family Fabaceae.

As of 11-23-21 when this page was last updated, Plants of World Online lists 773 genera in the plant family Fabaceae. It is commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family. The number of genera could change as updates are made on POWO.

There has been controversy when it came to deciding which family name to use, the use of subfamilies, etc. I am not going to go into detail about that but you can read about it by clicking the links below.

I have experience with several members of the plant family Fabaceae, mostly wildflowers. You can click on the plant names under the photos to go to their own pages if you like.

For more information about this family of plants, please click on the links below. The links take you directly to the information about the family.

PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE
WIKIPEDIA

Baptisia alba var. macrophylla (White False Indigo) on 7-22-21, #817-1.

I spotted my first Baptisia alba var. macrophylla (White False Indigo) on a backroad in 2018. Then, on July 20 in 2021 I spotted another small colony on a different backroad. I didn’t have my camera, so I went back on the 22nd to take photos.

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Baptisia australis (Blue Wild Indigo) on 5-23-21, #798-1

So, I brought this Baptisia australis (Blue Wild Indigo, Blue False Indigo) home from a garden center in Clinton in April in 2017. There were quite a few expensive Baptisia ‘Lunar Eclipse’ blooming but I didn’t want to pay the price. They also had several pots that weren’t blooming for a lot less so I brought one home. The label said it was a ‘Lunar Eclipse’ but when it started flowering in 2018 something was dreadfully wrong. It was NOT a ‘Lunar Eclipse’. I suppose I can’t complain that much since the flowers are still very nice and the plant has definitely been hardy. Still, when you expect one thing and get another it can be frustrating. I told the owner of the garden center (where I also buy some of my garden seed from) and she didn’t have a whole lot to say. Labels get mixed up and when there are no flowers on the plants you just never know what you are bringing home. Anyway, I emailed the company that created ‘Lunar Eclipse’, sent photos, and we can’t put our finger on what cultivar this plant is… It is even possibly a hybrid with another species of Baptisia. Who knows…

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Desmodium paniculatum ? on 10-12-21.

Sorry to say, but the best photo to describe the Desmodium paniculatum (Panicled-Leaf Ticktrefoil) is the seeds on my boots. I am somewhat confused whether the species here is Desmodium paniculatum or Desmodium perplexum. I am leaning toward D. paniculatum since it is somewhat variable, but it is perplexing.

Desmodium paniculatum {Panicled-Leaf Tick Trefoil) on 9-6-18, #503-19.

OK, I will also include a photo of the flowers… It could be that both species are present on the farm… Either way, they are a species you definitely love to hate. The Missouri Plants website has information on 7 species native to Missouri, and Plants of the World Online says there are 185 species in North America and other countries combined… GEEZ!

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Genista spachiana (Sweet Broom) on 4-15-12, #86-34.

I brought this Genista spachiana (Sweet Broom) home from Lowe’s in 2012 while I was living in Mississippi. The label said it was a Genista racemosa, which is not an official species… I didn’t pay much attention to the label until I came home and put it in the planter. It said this plant could grow to 6′ tall x 6′ wide…

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Lathyrus latifolius (Sweet Peas) on 6-24-17, #349-50.

There are A LOT of Lathyrus latifolium (Broad-Leaved Sweet Pea, ETC…) growing in an area north of the chicken house here on the farm. There are 30 (or so) species of Lathyrus native to the United States, but this one was introduced to American gardeners in in the 1700’s and escaped. Now it can be found growing in the wild in almost every state… Common names include Broad-Leaved Sweet Pea, Everlasting Pea, Wild Sweet Pea, Perennial Pea, Perennial Peavine, Everlasting Vetchling, Sweet Pea, and likely others…

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Lotus corniculatus (Bird’s Foot Trefoil) on 7-17-19, #603-9.

I photographed this Lotus corniculatus (Bird’s Foot Trefoil) on a friend’s farm in 2019. They are growing along the edges of highways and backroads, but 2019 was the first time I saw it in a pasture… It was also growing in the gravel there.

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Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) on 8-2-19, #609-32.

Medicago sativa (Alfalfa) is widely used for hay and has escaped cultivation to be considered an introduced wildflower throughout the United States. I have only seen it once and this plant was growing along the road in front of the pasture. I don’t think this species is seen that often in the wild, at least not around here.

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Melilotus albus (White Sweet Clover) on 8-2-19, #609-34.

I found a very small colony of Melilotus albus (White Sweet Clover) growing along the fence in the front pasture by the road on August 2 in 2019. By that time, the only thing left were a few flowers…

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Melilotus officinalis (Yellow Sweet Clover) on 6-19-19, #592-27.

I found a small colony of Melilotus officinalis (Yellow Sweet Clover) while working on a friend’s farm in 2019. Although the species is found throughout Missouri, and all over the country, it was the first time I had ever seen any. Since 2019, I have seen a few along back roads and highways but I don’t wlways take my camera (and I don’t have a cell phone).

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Strophostyles helvola (Amberique Bean, Etc.) on 8-3-19, #610-8.

I first noticed this interesting bean growing in the fence row along the front pasture on August 2 in 2019. I took A LOT of photos but the ones of the flowers were blurry so I went back on the next day to try again. I have not seen this bean since…

That’s all I have for the plant family Fabaceae for now. I’m sure there will be more in the future.

 

 

 

 

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