American Germander, Canada Germander, Hairy Germander, Wood Sage
Teucrium candense var. canadense
Synonyms of Teucrium canadense var. canadense (16) (Updated on 12-1-21 from Plants of the World Online): Scorodonia macrophylla Moench, Teucrium bracteosum Raf., Teucrium canadense f. albiflorum House, Teucrium canadense var. angustatum A.Gray, Teucrium canadense var. littorale Fernald, Teucrium cinereum Raf., Teucrium lanceolatum Raf. & Collins, Teucrium littorale E.P.Bicknell, Teucrium menthifolium E.P.Bicknell, Teucrium mexicanum Sessé & Moc., Teucrium occidentalis var. menthifolium (E.P.Bicknell) Farw., Teucrium petiolare Raf., Teucrium riparium Raf., Teucrium roseum E.P.Bicknell, Teucrium speciosum Hill, Teucrium undulatum Raf.
Teucrium canadense L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Teucrium. The genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
Accepted infraspecific names (4): Teucrium canadense var. canadense, Teucrium canadense var. hypoleucum Griseb., Teucrium canadense var. occidentale (A.Gray) E.M.McClint. & Epling, Teucrium canadense var. virginicum (L.) Eaton. When infraspecific taxon are named, an autonym (“type-specimen”) is automatically generated whose description is closest to the (original) species. It is highly likely the species here on the farm is Teucrium canadense var canadense.
As of 12-1-21 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 287 species in the Teucrium genus. It is a member of the plant family Lamiaceae with 233 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made by POWO.
The above distribution map for Teucrium canadense is from the USDA Plants Database. Areas in green show where the species is native and includes all 4 varieties. To find maps for all the varieties click HERE. The map on Plants of the World Online doesn’t show as wide a range and needs updated but includes northern Mexico and Cuba. POWO normally gets their maps from Flora of North America but that site doesn’t include the plant family Lamiaceae yet. POWO will update their map for this species when FNA is finished with the family.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
There is quite a large colony of American Germander growing next to an old brush pile in the back pasture of the farm. It is really quite a sight to see when it is in full bloom. The feature characteristic of the species that the flowers have no upper lip.
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment. I am busy updating the plant pages, adding photos I took over the summer, and adding pages for plants I identified in 2021. This is a wintertime project… I will go back later and add descriptions as I have time. There are several links at the bottom of the page written by experts that know much more than I do. Writing descriptions of the plant, flowers, stems, leaves, etc. is a lengthy process and I get behind. 🙂
I found another large colony of Teucrium canadense along the edge of the south hayfield in 2021. The area had grown up in blackberry briars and small trees but they were cut down in the fall of 2020. That allowed many wildflower species to grow that had been previously hidden.
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 200 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at email@example.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
USDA PLANT GUIDE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MSU-MIDWEST WEEDS AND WILDFLOWERS
ARKANSAS NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
PFAF(PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
FRIENDS OF THE WILDFLOWER GARDEN
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON-BURKE HERBARIUM
MONTANA FIELD GUIDE
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂