Cut Leaved Toothwort, Cutleaf Toothwort, Crow’s Toes, Pepper Root
Synonyms of Cardamine concatenata (12) (Updated on 8-3-22 from Plants of the World Online: Cardamine laciniata (Muhl. ex Willd.) Alph.Wood, Cardamine laciniata var. integra O.E.Schulz, Cardamine laciniata f. minor (DC.) O.E.Schulz, Dentaria concatenata Michx., Dentaria laciniata f. albiflora Louis-Marie, Dentaria laciniata var. alterna Farw., Dentaria laciniata var. coalescens Fernald, Dentaria laciniata f. hexifolia Wolden, Dentaria laciniata var. integra (O.E.Schulz) Fernald, Dentaria laciniata var. latifolia Farw., Dentaria laciniata var. minor DC., Dentaria laciniata var. opposita Farw.
Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) O.Schwarz is the accepted scientific name for this species It was named and described as such by Otto Karl Anton Schwarz in Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis in 1939. It was first named and described as Dentaria concatenata by André Michaux in Flora Boreali-Americana in 1803.
The genus, Cardamine L., was named and described by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 8-3-22 when I am updating this page, Plants of the World Online lists 260 species in the Cardamine genus. It is a member of the plant family Brassicaceae with 342 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO.
The above distribution map for Cardamine concatenata is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native. The map on the USDA Plants Database is the same but also includes North and South Dakota.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A POSITIVE ID.
Hello everyone! While I was walking in a friend’s secluded woods on April 23 in 2020, I ran across a single Cardamine concatenata next to a tree but it hadn’t started flowering yet. I went back several times and couldn’t even find it. I couldn’t even find any in 2021! Then, in 2022 I hit the mother load! There is a creek with a steep bank on one side and they were scattered out here and there. Then there was an area with LOTS of them (above photo). It was an exciting day!
I apologize for not writing descriptions when I wrote this page, but I was fairly busy. I will write descriptions as soon as I have time during the winter when I am not busy outside. That’s when I catch up and make updates. There are several links at the bottom of the page that have great descriptions.
There are more photos at the bottom of the page.
The above photo and the one below were taken in 2020 when I first found the plant.
Photos of flowers taken in 2022. NICE!
Please be patient. I will get descriptions written soon! 🙂
I live on a small farm in Windsor, Missouri where I enjoy gardening, collecting plants, and identifying wildflowers. The farm is in Pettis County but Henry County is across the street, and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away. I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 200 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF MISSOURI (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
U.S. FOREST SERVICE
ARKANSAS NATIVE PLANT SOCIETY
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
FRIENDS OF THE WILDFLOWER GARDEN
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
FLORA OF PENNSYLVANIA
WISCONSIN MASTER GARDENER
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂
The above is a photo of the single plant I found in a friend’s woods in 2020.
I think this was the same tree in 2022 I found the single plant next to in 2020.