Common Blue Violet, Hooded Blue Violet, Meadow Violet, Sister Violet
Synonyms of Viola sororia (20) (Updated on 12-19-21 from Plants of the World Online): Viola alachuana Murrill, Viola allardii Greene, Viola cucullata var. alba Torr. & A.Gray, Viola cucullata var. sororia (Willd.) Torr. & A.Gray, Viola cuspidata Greene, Viola domestica f. alba Farw., Viola grandis Greene, Viola laetecaerulea Greene, Viola nodosa Greene, Viola palmata var. sororia (Willd.) Pollard, Viola papilionacea Pursh, Viola papilionacea var. alba (Torr. & A.Gray) Farw., Viola papilionacea f. albiflora Grover, Viola papilionacea var. domestica Pollard, Viola papilionacea f. michaelii Creutz, Viola planifolia Greene, Viola sororia f. beckwithiae House, Viola sororia var. incognita J.Lacey, Viola thompsoniae Chapm., Viola wilmatteae Pollard & Cockerell
Viola sororia Willd. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Viola. It was named and described as such by Carl Ludwig von Willdenow in Hortus Berolinensis in 1806.
The genus, Viola L., was named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 12-19-21 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online lists 664 species in the Viola genus. The genus is a member of the plant family Violaceae with a total of 25 genera. Those numbers could change periodically as updates are made on POWO.
The above distribution map for Viola sororia is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native and purple where it has been introduced. The map on the USDA Plants Database is somewhat different. Several synonyms of Viola sororia are now accepted species which can affect maps for the species in general.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
Viola sororia is probably the most common Violet growing on the farm and probably the most common in North America. They prefer growing where they can thrive year after year which they do very well. They grow in flower beds, around trees, in fence rows, along foundations, and even right out in the middle of the yard. I just let them grow and do as they please
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment. I am busy updating plant pages and writing new pages for wildflowers I identified over the summer (plus adding more photos to previously published pages). Writing descriptions in my own words can be a lengthy process, so I decided to just make new pages and come back later and write the descriptions. This is a winter project but sometimes I get behind and it takes longer. I need to continually update because plant names change, the number of species and genera fluctuates, and I want to be as accurate as I can. There are several very good websites below that can help with a positive ID. We are all a work in progress.
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MSU-MIDWEST WEEDS AND WILDFLOWERS
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
PFAF (PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
FRIENDS OF THE WILDFLOWER GARDEN
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON-BURKE HERBARIUM
NATIVE PLANTS OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA
BROOKLYN BOTANIC GARDEN
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂