Bird’s Eye Speedwell, Birdeye Speedwell, Large Field Speedwell, Persian Speedwell, ETC.
Synonyms of Veronica persica (20) (Updated on 6-11-21 from Plants of the World Online): Cardia filiformis Dulac, Pocilla persica (Poir.) Fourr., Veronica alpiphila Arv.-Touv., Veronica areolata Colenso, Veronica buxbaumii Ten., Veronica byzantina Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., Veronica cymbalariifolia F.W.Schmidt, Veronica diffusa Raf., Veronica filiformis DC., Veronica hospita Mert. & W.D.J.Koch, Veronica meskhetica Kem.-Nath., Veronica persica var. aschersoniana (E.B.J.Lehm.) Drabble & J.E.Little, Veronica persica var. corrensiana (E.B.J.Lehm.) Stroh, Veronica precox Raf., Veronica tournefortii C.C.Gmel., Veronica tournefortii var. aschersoniana (E.B.J.Lehm.) Hayek & Hegi, Veronica tournefortii subsp. aschersoniana E.B.J.Lehm., Veronica tournefortii var. corrensiana (E.B.J.Lehm.) Hayek & Hegi, Veronica tournefortii subsp. corrensiana E.B.J.Lehm., Veronica tournefortii subsp. restrictior P.Fourn.
Veronica persica Poir. is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Bird’s Eye Speedwell. It was named and described as such by Jean Louis Marie Poiret in Encyclopedie Methodique Botanique in 1808.
The genus, Veronica L., was named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 12-8-21 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 460 species in the Veronica genus. It is a member of the plant family Plantaginaceae with 105 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO.
The above distribution map for Veronica persica is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native and purple where it has been introduced. The map on the USDA Plants Database for the United States and Canada is the same.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
The Veronica persica is usually the first wildflowers to bloom here on the farm even before spring officially arrives. They grow in abundance, usually among Lamium amplexicaule and Lamium purpureum, in several areas in the yard. They closely resemble their cousin, Veronica polita, and it is very hard to tell the two apart. To be honest, I’m not 100% sure whether this species is V. persica or V. polita. I uploaded photos on iNaturalist and other members agreed the species was Veronica persica… So, I am sticking with it.
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment. I am busy updating the plant pages, adding photos I took over the summer, and adding pages for plants I identified in 2021. This is a wintertime project… I will go back later and add descriptions as I have time. There are several links at the bottom of the page written by experts that know much more than I do. Writing descriptions of the plant, flowers, stems, leaves, etc. is a lengthy process and I get behind. 🙂
Veronica persica is said to have the largest flowers of any Veronica species native to Missouri, which are still quite small at about 1/3″ across.
I was going to try to get better photos of the fruit in 2021 but time went by and I suppose forgot about it… The fruit of Veronica persica is actually “heart-shaped”, 3.5 to 4.5 mm wide. The fruit of Veronica polita is also heart-shaped but much smaller at 2.5 to 4.0 mm wide. Some sites state the fruit of V. persica are wider than tall while the fruit of other species is about as tall as it is wide. The fruit of V. polita are also wider than tall…
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MSU-MIDWEST WEEDS AND WILDFLOWERS
UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI-WEED ID GUIDE
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂