Spider Plant, Airplane Plant
Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’
Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques is the correct and accepted scientific name for this Spider Plant. It was first described by that name by Henri Antoine Jacques in Journal de la Société Impériale et Centrale d’Horticulturein 1862. It was FIRST described as Anthericum comosum Thunb. by Carl Peter Thunberg in Prodromus Plantarum Capensium in 1794.
The genus Chlorophytum genus was named by John Bellenden Kew Gawler and described in Botanical Magazine in 1807.
Chlorophytum comosum are widespread in Africa in their native habitat.
There are several different Chlorophytum comosum varieties. The one with green leaves and white margins is ’Variegatum’ and the one with green leaves with a white center stripe is called ‘Vittatum’ while the species, Chlorophytum comosum, has all green leaves. ‘Vittatum’ is the largest of the three. Both ‘Variegatum’ and ‘Vittatum’ have won the Royal Horticultural Society’s Award of Garden Merit.
My Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’ was given to me by my good friend Walley Morse of Greenville, Mississippi in 2012. Actually he gave me two so I gave one to Kyle Hall and kept the other.
Zones: USDA Zones 9-11 ( ° F
Size: up to 24” tall and wide, more or less.
Light: Bright indirect light, light to part shade.
Soil: Well-drained soil a little on the damp side.
Uses: Hanging baskets, bedding, air purifying.
Spider Plants are very easy to grow. They prefer their soil to me moderately moist and like bright, indirect light. They don’t especially need fertilizer as their tubers store reserve food. To much fertilizer will result in strange looking plants and they will not produce as many flowers and plantlets. They can easily be propagated by planing the plantlets in potting soil. They are very adaptable and ean be grown in hanging baskets and in flower beds. They can survve temperatures as low as 35 degrees. The Wikipedia says they do best in a temperature range from 65-90 degrees F but the Missouri Botanical Garden says between 55-70.
Well cared for happy plants can get fairly large and are beautiful specimens. You will need to remove dead leaves occasionally to keep them looking their best. They like an occasional misting, too.
I gave up my Spider Plant when I moved from Mississippi back to the family farm in February 2013. I am sure I will have another one some day.
If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you.