Bristly Greenbriar, Hag Briar, Sarsaparilla Plant, Bamboo Vine, Catbriar
Synonyms of Smilax tamnoides (6) (Updated on 5-22-31 from Plants of the World Online): Dilax muricata Raf., Smilax grandifolia Buckley, Smilax hispida Muhl. ex Torr., Smilax hispida var. australis Small, Smilax hispida var. montana Coker, Smilax tamnoides var. hispida Fernald
Smilax tamnoides L. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Smilax. The genus and species were named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the second volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 262 species in the Smilax genus (as of 5-22-21 when I last updated this page). It is a member of the plant family Smilacaceae with only one genus… Those numbers could change as updates are made.
The above distribution map for Smilax tamnoides is from Plants of the World Online. The map on the USDA Plants Database for the United States and Canada is the same. The species could have a broader range than what the maps show.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
There are a couple of areas here on the farm that have a few Smilax tamnoides hanging around. I had gone wildflower hunting in the woods on a friend’s farm on May 3 and thought I had identified Smilax lasioneura (first three photos) but apparently, I was mistaken. They turned out to be Smilax tamnoides as well. The first three photos were taken in my friend’s woods and the rest were taken in a wooded area north of my chicken house. When they have spines, you can’t mistake the vines for Smilax tamnoides, but if not it is a little more difficult… Apparently, on some vines, you may have to actually look for spines. Newer growth and new vines may not even have spines at all. From reading information, I also found out the margins of the leaves have these weird little minute projections… I will try to get some close-ups using my magnifying glass in 2021.
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment, but I have A LOT of wildflower pages to make and publish before I start getting too busy. I update this site and add new pages over the winter but I didn’t get finished. SO, I decided to just make the page with photos and links to other sites for better plant ID. I will be taking more photos over the summer and posting but I will also be working on these pages as I have time.
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at email@example.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
MSU-MIDWEST WEEDS AND WILDFLOWERS
MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
CLIMBERS-UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
PFAF(PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂