Iris fulva-Copper Iris

Iris fulva on 3-22-09, #6-10.

Copper Iris
Iris fulva
EYE-ris  FUL-vuh

Iris fulva Ker Gawl. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Iris. It was first documented by John Bellenden Ker Gawler in Botanical Magazine in 1812.

Iris fulva on 5-16-16, #254-9.

When I moved to the mansion in Mississippi I noticed a patch of Iris growing in the backyard. It was in December 2008 when I first noticed them but they didn’t flower until March 2009. I had no idea what species they were until I started doing research for the blog (The Mystical Mansion and Garden in 2009, which has been deleted).


Iris fulva on 4-20-17, #320-9.

The leaves are typical for most Iris that have rhizomes in that they have long, narrow blade-like leaves. A man named Dykes noticed when held up to the light the leaves have black dots, similar to leaves of water Irises. Another interesting thing I noticed is that some of the leaves have this weird zig-zag appearance, like folding a piece of paper then opening it up a little.

Iris fulva on 5-7-17, #327-18.

FAMILY: Iridaceae
NATIVE: Central and the southern United States.
ZONES: USDA zones 5-9
HEIGHT: 24-36”
LIGHT: Full sun to part shade
WATER: Medium to wet. Can grow in up to 6” of standing water
FLOWERS: Coppery-red flowers May-June

Even though there are so many beautiful Iris, the Iris fulva is one of my favorite. Maybe because they are so neat!

They aren’t just a southern species! Even though they may be a species of Louisiana Iris, as some say, the Plants Database map from the USDA show they are found in limited areas in Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, Georgia, and Ohio.

Iris fulva on 5-14-17, #330-4. A few of the stems produce up to six flowers!

Apparently, not all their flowers are copper-red. Sometimes yellow or bi-colored flowers show up.

If you want more detailed information about the Iris fulva, the following are good reads. There are many others, just type in Iris fulva on your browser.

Missouri Botanical Garden

I will continue to add more photos as long as the Iris fulva will survive here. I took other photos, but there are some flowers that are just hard to shoot and have them come out clear. The Iris fulva has been one of them. If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like hearing from you.

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