Ranunculus fascicularis-Early or Prairie Buttercup

Ranunculus fascicularis (Earlu or Prairie Buttercup) on 5-28-15, #264-11.

 Early Buttercup, Prairie Buttercup, Early Crowfoot, Tufted Buttercup

Ranunculus fascicularis

ra-NUN-ku-lus  fas-sik-yoo-LAIR-iss

Synonyms of Ranunculus fascisularis (6) (Updated on 3-19-21 from Plants of the World Online): Ranunculus apricus Greene, Ranunculus fascicularis var. apricus (Greene) Fernald, Ranunculus fascicularis var. deforesti K.C.Davis, Ranunculus fascicularis var. typicus L.D.Benson, Ranunculus illinoensis Greene, Ranunculus trifoliatus Muhl. ex Steud.

Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Buttercup. It described as such by Jacob Bigelow in Flora Bostoniensis in 1814 using a previous description by Gotthilf Henry Ernest Muhlenberg.

The genus, Ranunculus L., was named and described as such by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.

Plants of the World Online lists a whopping 1,660 species in the Ranunculus genus (as of 3-19-21 when I last updated this page). The genus is a member of the plant family Ranunculaceae with a total of 52 genera. Those numbers are likely to change periodically as updates are made.

Distribution map of Ranunculus fascicularis from the USDA Plants Database. Published on the internet at https://plants.usda.gov/java/. Retrieved on April 4, 2020.

The above distribution map for Ranunculus fascicularis in North America is from the USDA Plants Database. The map on Plants of the World Online is similar. The species could be more widespread than the maps show.

THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.

I spotted this plant which was identified as Ranunculus fascicularis in 2015. Missouri Plants lists 12 species of Ranunculus in Missouri and I may have 7 here on the farm. Many species are very hard to tell apart and it gets very confusing… I have been looking for the R. fascicularis every year but I haven’t found it again where I think it was in 2015… I will continue looking in 2021 so I can add more photos and write descriptions. The links at the bottom of the page will help you identify this plant.

I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and most have pages listed on the right side of the blog. I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a horticulturalist I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.

I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at thebelmontrooster@yahoo.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.

NOTE: Plants of the World Online is the most up-to-date database. It is very hard for some to keep with name changes these days so you may find a few discrepancies between the websites. Just be patient. Hopefully, someday they will be in harmony. 🙂

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)

TROPICOS (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
WIKIPEDIA (GENUS/SPECIES)
MISSOURI PLANTS
iNATURALIST
WILDFLOWERSEARCH.ORG
DAVE’S GARDEN
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
ILLINOIS WILDFLOWERS
MINNESOTA WILDFLOWERS
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
GO BOTANY
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
FLORA FINDER

NOTE: The figures may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date database and they make updates on a regular basis. We are all a work in progress. 🙂

 

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