Rosmarinus officinallis/Salvia rosmarinus-Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus (Rosemary) after I brought it home on 5-20-17, #331-18.

Rosemary

Rosmarinus officinalis

rose-ma-REE-nus oh-fiss-ih-NAH-liss

OR

Salvia rosmarinus

SAL-vee-uh rose-ma-REE-nus

Rosmarinus officinalis L. was described by Carl von Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753.

Salvia rosmarinus Schleid. was named and described by Matthias Jacob Schleiden in Handbuch der Medicinisch Pharmaceutischen Botanik in 1852. Hmmm…

Well, it seems I should be saying, “Here we go again!” Again, Plants of the World Online is using another scientific name that no one else is using. But, once again, they seem to have a good reason.

Botanical names of plants and the families they are in have changed from time to time over the course of history. Research has proved that many plant names are synonyms of one plant given different names by different people. Carl von Linnaeus described Rosmarinus officinalis in Species Plantarum in 1753 but its history goes back much farther. It was considered a sacred herb by ancient Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks.

In 1852, Matthias Jacob Schleiden attempted to rename the Rosemary to Salvia rosmarinus. I am not sure what happened at that point and no doubt many people started using that name. The 2013 version of The Plant list says Salvia rosmarinus is a synonym and pretty much every plant database and website uses Rosmarinus officinalis as the accepted scientific name for Rosemary EXCEPT for the new Plants of the World Online…

According to recent testing, Rosmarinus species should be placed in the Salvia genus with the sages… So, after about 265 years as Rosmarinus officinalis, they want to change the name to Salvia rosmarinus… Or should I say BACK TO Salvia rosmarinus? Of course, that doesn’t necessarily mean that the name change will be officially accepted. At this point, no other reliable plant database has changed the name not to mention the industry. Of course, Plants of the World Online will just say that no other database is up-to-date… BUT, believe it or not, many databases relied on The Plant List for information on name changes. That site is no longer maintained and hasn’t been updated since 2013. Many of them are considering updating their names with Plants of the World Online. We shall see…

Just imagine how many times the word Rosmarinus officinalis has been written and spoken. Of course, just because the botanical name may change, it is still Rosemary.

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 6-5-17, #341-12.

I decided to plant the Rosemary in the southeast corner bed. It would get plenty of sun and the bed is kind of on a slope so there will be good drainage.

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 6-11-17, #343-37.

USEFUL INFORMATION:
Family: Lamiaceae
Origin: North Africa, Europe, western Asia
Zones: USDA Zones 7a-10b (0 to 35° F)
Size: 2-6’
Light: Full sun is preferred
Soil: Well-drained
Water: Average. Drought tolerant

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 6-18-17, #345-43.

According to information online, Rosemary is evergreen and cold hardy in USDA zones 7a-10b. Well, we are in 6a but you never know. It just depends on the winter. Rosemary can be grown inside during the winter as a houseplant if certain “rules” are followed. They need plenty of light and good air circulation. Poor air circulation can result in a few problems all indoor plant people want to avoid… Some of the links below provide plenty of useful information.

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 7-19-17, #357-62.

The Rosemary did very well and started growing with no problems. I planted the Oregano in the same bed with Marigold ‘Brocade in between them. I have no idea where the Talinum paniculatum (Jewels of Opar) to the right came from…

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus at 23″ tall on 8-20-17, #367-23.

2017 was the first year I planted the Marigold ‘Brocade on the south side of the house. I have been growing this series of marigold for many years but it grew MUCH, MUCH larger than I expected there. When the above photo was taken, the Rosemary was 23″ tall. The Marigolds were almost as tall and in one spot the Marigolds grew to almost 36″ tall and wide…

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 10-31-17, #387-23.

After several frosts, the Rosemary was still green while most of the other plants were dead or dormant. Well, it is an evergreen, right?

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 12-3-17, #392-9.

Clear through December the Rosemary stayed green and continued to grow.

 

Rosmarinus officinalis/Salvia rosmarinus on 1-12-18, #397-18.

January was a cold month this winter where we had several below zero days, even down to -10 a few times. Even though the leaves on the Rosemary changed color, they stayed firmly attached. I thought maybe it would survive.

I checked the leaves as I was taking photos on March 9 (2018) and now the leaves are brittle and fall off to the touch. The roots are not firmly attached to the soil either. So, I guess that means this Rosmarinus officinalis is no more…

Maybe I will buy another Rosemary in 2018. I have some experimenting to do. 🙂

I hope you enjoyed this page and maybe found it useful. If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “like” if you visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. 🙂 You can check out the links below for further reading. The links take you directly to the genus and species of this plant.

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE
WIKIPEDIA
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
DAVE’S GARDEN
GERNOT KATZER’S SPICE PAGES
FLOWERS BY THE SEA
GARDENIA
NC STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION

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