Beaked Corn Salad
Synonyms of Valerianella radiata: Fedia radiata (L.) Michx., Fedia woodsiana Torr. & A.Gray, Valeriana locusta var. radiata L., Valeriana radiata (L.) Willd., Valeriana valerianella Christenh. & Byng, Valeriana woodsiana (Torr. & A.Gray) Christenh. & Byng, Valerianella radiata f. demareei Egg.Ware, Valerianella radiata var. fernaldii Dyal, Valerianella radiata f. fernaldii (Dyal) Egg.Ware, Valerianella radiata var. missouriensis Dyal, Valerianella radiata f. parviflora (Dyal) Egg.Ware, Valerianella stenocarpa var. parviflora Dyal, Valerianella woodsiana (Torr. & A.Gray) Walp.
Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this species of Valerianella. It was named and described as such by Pierre Dufresne in Histoire Naturelle et Médicale de la Famille des Valérianées in 1811. It was first described as Valeriana locusta var. radiata by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
On 5-28-21 when I started writing this page, Plants of the World Online says Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. is a synonym of Valeriana woodsiana (Torr. & A.Gray) Christenh. & Byng but I am not changing the name just yet. When I first identified this species on the farm in 2020 POWO said the accepted scientific name was Valerianella radiata. All other databases and websites linked at the bottom of the page still say the accepted name is Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. so I will stick with it for now. Many times names change then change back again. That means changing the page and captions AGAIN. This time not only the species name is affected, but also the genus… If the new name sticks, I will update accordingly… USUALLY, when scientific names are scheduled to change, Plants of the World Online by Kew will be about the first to make the update. The document about the name change was published and submitted in 2018 but it is a very lengthy process to go through the approval hoops. We shall see…
The genus, Valerianella Mill., was named and described as such by Philip Miller in the fourth edition of The Gardeners Dictionary in 1754.
Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 32 species in the Valerianella genus (as of 5-28-21 when this page was last updated). It is a member of the plant family Caprifoliaceae with 33 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made by POWO.
The above distribution map for Valerianella radiata is from the USDA Plants Database. Areas in green are where the species is native. As of when I wrote this page on 1-28-21, the map on Plants of the World Online is similar but it is for Valeriana woodsiana… I am not sure that name will stick…
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
I first observed the Valerianella radiata (Beaked Corn Salad) in an area north of the chicken house on April 23 in 2020. Then, while on a walk on May 24 in 2021, I noticed a small colony in an area in the southwest corner of the farm (close to what I call the swamp). Valerianella radiata is a neat little plant that I could have easily missed if it wasn’t flowering. Well, I suppose it is always the flowers that catch our attention. 🙂
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment, but I have A LOT of wildflower pages to make and publish before I start getting too busy. I update this site and add new pages over the winter but I didn’t get finished. SO, I decided to just make the page with photos and links to other sites for better plant ID. I will be taking more photos over the summer and posting but I will also be working on these pages as I have time. As I also mentioned, the name of this species MAY change to Valeriana woodsiana…
The above and below photos are of the new observation of Valerianella radiata on May 24 in 2021…
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at email@example.com. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX
(GENUS/V. radiata/V. woodsiana)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
PFAF(PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
VASCULAR PLANTS OF NORTH CAROLINA
NATIVE PLANTS OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂