Beaked Corn Salad
Synonyms of Valeriana woodsiana (13) Updated on 11-15-21 from Plants of the World Online): Fedia radiata (L.) Michx., Fedia woodsiana Torr. & A.Gray, Valeriana locusta var. radiata L., Valeriana radiata (L.) Willd., Valeriana valerianella Christenh. & Byng, Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr., Valerianella radiata f. demareei Egg.Ware, Valerianella radiata var. fernaldii Dyal, Valerianella radiata f. fernaldii (Dyal) Egg.Ware, Valerianella radiata var. missouriensis Dyal, Valerianella radiata f. parviflora (Dyal) Egg.Ware, Valerianella stenocarpa var. parviflora Dyal, Valerianella woodsiana (Torr. & A.Gray) Walp.
According to Plants of the World Online, Valeriana woodsiana (Torr. & A.Gray) Christenh. & Byng is now the accepted scientific name for this species. It was named and described as such by Maarten Joost Maria Christenhusz and James W. Byng in Plant Gateway’s the Global Flora in 2018. It was first named Fedia woodsiana by John Torrey and Asa Gray in Flora of North America in 1841.
When I first identified this species in 2020, the accepted name on POWO (and every other database and website) was Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr. It was named and described as such by Pierre Dufresne in Histoire Naturelle et Médicale de la Famille des Valérianées in 1811. It was first described as Valeriana locusta var. radiata by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
When I updated this page in May 2021, POWO said the name had changed but every other database and website hadn’t changed yet… I waited until 11-14-21 when I previously updated this page to see if the other databases and websites changed the name. Well, they hadn’t, so I sent an email to the senior editor of POWO to quiz him about the name change. His reply was, “Yes, all Valerianella need to go into the Valeriana, as long suggested they are in no way a separate genus.”
The document about the name change was published and submitted in 2018 but it is a very lengthy process to go through the approval hoops. We shall see when, and if, the other databases and websites follow. POWO is usually the first to make the change.
The genus, Valeriana L., was named and described by Carl von Linnaeus in the first volume of the first edition of Species Plantarum in 1753.
As of 12-29-21 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 424 species in the Valeriana genus. It is a member of the plant family Caprifoliaceae with 33 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO.
The above distribution map for Valeriana woodsiana is from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native. The map on the USDA Plants Database is the same but they still list the species as Valerianella radiata.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND TO HELP WITH A BETTER POSITIVE ID.
I first observed the Valeriana woodsiana (Beaked Corn Salad) in an area north of the chicken house on April 23 in 2020. Then, while on a walk on May 24 in 2021, I noticed a small colony in an area in the southwest corner of the farm (close to what I call the swamp). Valerianella radiata is a neat little plant that I could have easily missed if it wasn’t flowering. Well, I suppose it is always the flowers that catch our attention. 🙂
I apologize for not writing descriptions at the moment. I am busy updating plant pages and writing new pages for wildflowers I identified over the summer (plus adding more photos to previously published pages). Writing descriptions in my own words can be a lengthy process, so I decided to just make new pages and come back later and write the descriptions. This is a winter project but sometimes I get behind and it takes longer. I need to continually update because plant names change, the number of species and genera fluctuates, and I want to be as accurate as I can. There are several very good websites below that can help with a positive ID. We are all a work in progress.
The above and below photos are of the new observation of Valeriana woodsiana on May 24 in 2021…
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. My farm is in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street and Benton and Johnson aren’t far away). I have grown over 500 different plants and identified over 100 species of wildflowers (most have pages listed on the right side of the page). I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing, and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a few horticulturalists I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
KANSAS WILDFLOWERS AND GRASSES
PFAF(PLANTS FOR A FUTURE)
LADY BIRD JOHNSON WILDFLOWER CENTER
MARYLAND BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
VASCULAR PLANTS OF NORTH CAROLINA
NATIVE PLANTS OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂