Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis (Syn. M. gracilis var. fragilis)-Thimble Cactus

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis (Thimble Cactus) after I brought it home on 4-20-13, #144-7.

Thimble Cactus

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis

mam-mil-AR-ee-uh VET-uh-luh GRASS-il-is

SYN. OF:

Mammillaria vetula

Commonly sold as:

Mammillaria gracilis var. fragilis

mam-mil-AR-ee-uh GRASS-il-is FRAJ-ih-liss

Other synonyms of Mammillaria vetula from Plats of the World Online (24) (List last updated on 11-21-20): Cactus gracilis (Pfeiff.) Kuntze, Cactus pulchellus (Salm-Dyck) Kuntze, Cactus regius (C.Ehrenb.) Kuntze, Cactus vetulus (Mart.) Kuntze, Chilita fragilis (Salm-Dyck ex K.Brandegee) Orcutt, Chilita vetula (Mart.) Orcutt, Escobariopsis gracilis (Pfeiff.) Doweld, Escobariopsis vetula (Mart.) Doweld, Krainzia gracilis (Pfeiff.) Doweld, Mammillaria fragilis Salm-Dyck ex K.Brandegee, Mammillaria gracilis Pfeiff., Mammillaria gracilis var. fragilis A.Berger, Mammillaria gracilis var. pulchella (Salm-Dyck) Salm-Dyck, Mammillaria gracilis f. pulchella (Salm-Dyck) Schelle, Mammillaria grandiflora Salm-Dyck, Mammillaria kuentziana P.Fearn & B.Fearn, Mammillaria magneticola J.Meyrán, Mammillaria pulchella Salm-Dyck, Mammillaria regia C.Ehrenb., Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis (Pfeiff.) D.R.Hunt, Mammillaria vetula subsp. lacostei Plein & Heinr.Weber, Mammillaria vetula subsp. magneticola (J.Meyrán) U.Guzmán, Neomammillaria fragilis (Salm-Dyck ex K.Brandegee) Britton & Rose, Neomammillaria vetula (Mart.) Britton & Rose

***Although there are differences, Plants of the World Online by Kew lists Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis as a synonym of Mammillaria vetula. According to descriptions, Mammillaria vetula has 1-2 central spines and 25 radial spines where Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis has NO central spines. My plants have no central spines so I am continuing to acknowledge the subspecies. It’s my site and I can call it what I choose as long as the name was validly published, which it was in 1997. 


Mammillaria vetula Mart. is now considered the correct and accepted scientific name. It was named and described as such by Carl (Karl) Friedrich Philipp von Martius in Nova Acta Physico in 1832.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis (Pfeiff.) D.R.Hunt is now considered a synonym of Mammillaria vetula. This subspscies was named and described as such by David Richard Hunt in Mammillaria Postscripts in 1997. It was first named Mammillaria gracilis Pfeiff. by Ludwig Karl Georg Pfeiffer in Gartenzeitung in 1838.

Mammillaria gracilis var. fragilis A.Berger was named and described by Alwin Berger in Kakteen in 1929. This name is what the industry is commonly using…

The genus, Mammillaria Haw., was named and described by Adrian Hardy Haworth in Synopsis Plantarum Succulentarum in 1812.

Plants of the World Online by Kew lists 164 accepted species in the Mammillaria genus (as of when I am updating this page on 12-22-20). It is a member of the plant family Cactaceae with 144 genera. These numbers could change as updates are made.

THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AND GROWING RECOMMENDATIONS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 6-1-13, #151-52.

I brought my first Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis home from Lowe’s on April 20,2018. This was my first Mammillaria so I was anxious to see how we got along. When temps warmed up enough I moved this cactus outside with the rest of the plants then I put it in a larger pot.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 7-30-13, 165-43.

The species, Mammillaria vetula and subspecies Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis are native in the states of Hidalgo, Guanajuato, and Querétaro in Mexico where they are found in pine forests at high altitudes.

Mammillaria vetula and the subspecies are small, freely clustering plants that can grow 4-5″ tall x about 1 1/2″ in diameter… Not sure how long that takes because none of mine ever grew that big. Supposedly, the offsets of the species are not as bad about falling off as the subspecies.

Their tubercles are round, bluntly conical and the areoles have a small tuft of wool. The axils between the tubercles on the subspecies and cultivar are bare while the species may be slightly wooly and bristly (hairs).

The areoles on top of the tubercles of the species produce 25 or so (up to 50 on mature specimens) white radial spines while the subspecies have 11-16. The radial spines on ‘Arizona Snowcap’ are shorter, thicker, and very dense. The species generally have 1-2 reddish-brown central spines that are longer than the radials. The subspecies and cultivar “usually” have no central spines.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 8-23-13, #178-62.

The Thimble Cactus is a very easy plant to grow if you follow a few simple rules. They don’t mind regular watering during the summer months, but too much water in the winter is NOT a good idea. I just water my cactus maybe once or twice during the winter if at all. When I water my cactus and succulents during the summer, I just go over them with the wand one time. The other plant’s pots get filled to the rim.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 9-17-13, #188-44.

Information online says that this plant does well in full sun to part shade. When you move your plants outside for the summer, they need to get used to more light gradually. I normally place mine in light to part shade at first then gradually slide them over on the table to get more light. If they show any sign of burn, I put them back in more shade. I think I kept this cactus on the table behind the shed in more shade all summer.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis from the top on 9-30-13, #192-6.

Once in a while I will notice one of the offsets had fallen off on the table. I just put it back in the pot where it can take root. That is actually how they spread in the wild.

<<<<2014>>>>

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 6-1-14, #228-59.

We made it through the 2013-2014 winter just fine and it was glad to be back outside again.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 7-12-14, #231-70.

I really enjoyed this plant as a companion, but unfortunately, I gave up most of my plants after the above photo was taken. I started recollecting plants again later in 2015.

<<<<2018>>>>

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 9-13-18, #507-22.

I found this cactus at Wagler’s Greenhouse when I took plants there in September. It was unlabeled but I was sure it was a Mammillaria. I wasn’t sure what species it was at first because I was used to seeing them sold in clusters and not as a single specimen.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 10-10-18, #519-53.

I had to move the potted plants inside for the winter on October 10 because the forecast was calling for an “F” in a few days and the nighttime temperatures were getting cooler. I usually measure the cactus and succulents when I bring them inside. This plant measured 2 1/4″ tall.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 11-29-18, #534-30.

November 29 was a nice spring-like day, so I took the cactus to the back porch for a photoshoot. I was working on a post to show the difference between the cactus in my collection.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis close-up on 12-1-18, #535-22.

The species, Mammillaria vetula, has 1-2 central spines and at least 25 radial spines. The subspecies often lacks the central spines and only have 11-16 radial spines.

<<<<2019>>>>

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 6-22-19, #593-36.

The potted plants made it through the winter and once evening temperatures warmed up I moved the potted plants back outside for the summer. I moved the cactus to the back porch where they could receive full sun. The Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis had grown lots of offsets.

I was fairly busy during the summer so I didn’t take many photos. All the plants did very well despite a little neglect.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis on 10-13-19, #641-4.

I had to bring the potted plants inside on October 11 because an “F” was in the forecast. I always take photos of the plants as I bring them inside and measure the cactus and some of the succulents but I forgot to photograph this one so I did it on the 13th. It measures 2″ tall and most of its offsets have fallen off.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis with a bud on 11-23-19, #655-5.

I was surprised to see a couple of buds on this cactus on 11-23-19.

Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis flower on 11-30-19, #657-4.

This particular cactus will be interesting to watch grow because it started out as a single plant and I will get to watch it multiply. I just have to keep an eye on the offsets when they fall off to make sure they don’t blow away or fall off on the ground during the summer.

<<<<2020>>>>

Mammillaria vetula (subsp. gracilis) at 1 3/8″ tall on 10-15-20, #747-82.

I had to move the potted plants inside for the winter on October 15 because an “F” was in the forecast. As always, I took photographs and measurements as I brought them inside. The Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis did very well over the summer and measured 1 3/8″tall when I brought the plants inside.  It has several kids still attached although many have fallen into the pot… I have to always make sure they are sitting upright.

Mammillaria vetula (subsp. gracilis) with a flower and several buds on 11-6-20, #755-6.

I took a few more photos of some of the Mammillaria flowering in my small collection on 11-6-20 for a new post. It s always funny to see this plant flowering when it is so small.

USEFUL INFORMATION:
Family: Cactaceae
Origin: Mexico
Zones: USDA Zones 9a-11 (20 to° F)
Size: 6” or so tall
*Light: Sun to part shade
**Soil: Fast-draining. Good quality potting soil amended pumice (50/50 or additional perlite and chicken grit (2-1-1).
***Water: Average during the growing period, barely in winter.
Flowers: Pale to bright yellow

*During the summer, I keep most of my cactus on the back deck where they receive full sun. During the winter most cactus aren’t picky about the light because they are basically dormant. For several winters, mine were in front of the east-facing sliding door in the dining room so they didn’t get much light but they did great. I built a new shelf for the bedroom so now they are in front of a west-facing window. Most of the succulents are on a shelf in a south-facing window in a cool bedroom but a few are in my bedroom.

**When it comes to potting soil, finding the “sweet spot” is not exactly that easy when materials are limited. Cactus and succulent enthusiasts (and experts) do not recommend using peat-based commercial mixes but what choice is there for most of us. They say to use a loam-based mix… Hmmm… Our soil is loam, so do I just use dirt? Well, no because “dirt” is heavy and you need a “light” material. There is A LOT of cactus and succulent recipes online and some get pretty elaborate. Many say to use sand as an ingredient, but if you do that, it needs to be very coarse, like builders sand, because “ordinary” sand, like for sandboxes, is too fine and it clogs up the air space between the coarser ingredients. For MANY years I used 2 parts Miracle Grow or Schultz Potting amended with an additional 1 part of perlite and 1 part chicken grit. Schultz doesn’t seem to have as many large pieces of bark. Cactus and succulent enthusiasts recommended using pumice instead of perlite and grit so I checked it out… The “guy” at General Pumice (online) recommended using a 50/50 mix of potting soil and pumice. General Pumice has 3 different sizes to choose from depending on the size of the pot. SO, in 2018 I bought a bag of 1/8″ and mixed it 50/50 with Miracle Grow Potting Soil. I liked it pretty well. Then in 2020, since most of the cactus were in larger pots, I ordered the 1/4″ size. Pumice has a lot of benefits over perlite and has nutrients that are added to the soil when watering. Pumice is also heavier so it stays mixed in the soil instead of “floating” to the top. Still, there is the issue of the mix getting very hard once you stop watering the plants during the winter when you stop watering. I think this is because of the peat in the potting soil… SO, instead of re-potting the cactus and succulents in the spring, I started doing it during the fall and winter so their soil would be loose. Since you don’t water as frequently during the winter if at all, the timed-release fertilizer does not activate. I have not tried coir, but I am looking into it… 

I think a lot of growing tips online are written by people who never grew succulents and cactus. They just copy from one website and paste it to theirs. You have to sort of mimic the soil where species grow in their native habitat. For that, you almost have to go see for yourself… Typically, they grow in fairly rocky soil.

***I water my cactus and succulents on a regular basis during the summer but barely ever in the winter (maybe a little in January) until close to time to take them back outside. 

You can read my Cactus Talk & Update and Cactus & Succulent Tips to get my opinion about growing cactus and succulents.

When you bring your new plants home from the store, you need to check their roots and the soil to see if they are wet. If so, you may want to re-pot it right away. It is advisable to re-pot them in a better potting soil more suitable for cactus and succulents.

I enjoy growing cactus and succulents and the Mammillaria vetula subsp. gracilis is no exception. You just have to keep an eye on it and make sure when the offsets fall off they don’t roll out of the pot. Make sure the “fall-offs” are sitting bottom side down so they will take root.

I hope you enjoyed this page and maybe found it useful. If you have any comments, questions, or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “like” if you visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. 🙂 You can check out the links below for further reading. They take you directly to information about the species.

FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
LLIFLE (ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE)
DAVE’S GARDEN
CACTUSGUIDE
NATIONAL GARDENING ASSOCIATION

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