Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Sun’
Gaillardia x grandiflora
Gaillardia aristata x Gaillardia pulchella
gay-LAR-dee-uh x gran-dih-FLOR-uh
Gaillardia aristata Pursh is the correct and accepted scientific name of this perennial species of Gaillardia. It was named and first described by Frederick Traugott Pursch in Flora Americae Septentrionalis in 1814.
Gaillardia pulchella Foug. is the correct and accepted scientific name for this annual species of Gaillardia. It was named and described by Auguste Denis Fougeroux de Bondaroy in Histoire de l’académie Royale des Sciences in 1786.
Gaillardia x grandiflora Hort. ex Van Houtte is the correct and accepted scientific infraspecific name for this hybrid Gaillardia. It was named and described by Louis Van Houtte in Journal Général d’Horticulture in 1857.
The Gaillardia genus was also named and described by Auguste Denis Fougeroux de Bondaroy in Histoire de l’académie Royale des Sciences in 1786.
My first experience with Gaillardia was from a packet of seeds Suzanne had bought from an Ebay seller from Canada before she passed in March 2009. She had bought A LOT of seeds for me to plant and among them was a packet that said “Gaillardia”. I assume they were Gaillardia aristata as they were a taller species and continued coming up through 2012. I suppose it is possible they could have been G. x grandiflora or possibly even G. pulchella that self-sowed.
I bought a packet of Gaillardia ‘Arizona Red’ from Stokes seeds in the spring of 2012.
Too bad I had to borrow a friends camera and I didn’t know the brightness settings on his camera hadn’t been set. I mentioned it to him and he said he never used the camera before.
The Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Red’ from Stokes did very well and produced a lot of flowers. I don’t know if they would have returned or not because I sold the mansion and moved back to the family farm in mid-Missouri in February 2013.
Then, in 2015, I bought a pot from Wagler’s Greenhouse who’s label said Gaillardia aristata ‘Arizona Sun’.
You know how labeling is, so the species name is incorrect. It should read Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Sun.’ The Arizona Series is a trademark of Benary Seeds.
Benary is a 175 year old company, still family owned in its 6th generation. Click on the Benary link below for further information. When you get to the website, click on “company”. Very interesting and amazing this company survived for SIX generations!
Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Zones: USDA Zones 2-11, depending on species and cultivar
Size: 12-26” depending on species or cultivar
Light: Sun-part shade
Soil: Well-drained soil
Water: Average, drought tolerant
Propagation: Seed, division
Uses: Bedding, borders, cut flowers
The Gaillardia x grandiflora ‘Arizona Sun’ came back again in the spring of 2016 but not in 2017. I didn’t see any more at the local greenhouses, so maybe they will have them in 2018.
The Wikipedia link is for the Gaillardia genus and there are links to the various species on that page. Neither Plants of the World Online or the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families has any information about Gaillardia species. Plants of the World online a little information about the genus and WCSP has nothing at all. The 2013 version of the Plant List includes 24 accepted Gaillardia species plus two infraspecific names, 51 synonyms (plus 41 infraspecific names) and seven that were still unresolved. The Plant List is no longer maintained…
The link to the Missouri Botanical Garden takes you to their Plant Finder which lists 2 species and 8 cultivars of Gaillardia.
Gaillardia does much better if deadheaded but you need to either save the seed or leave some for self-sowing. I usually cut them off and leave them on the ground then later break the cone apart. There are no guarantees the seed will come up, though.
If you have any comments, questions or suggestions, I would like to hear from you. Please click on “Like” below if you have visited this page. It helps us bloggers stay motivated 🙂
FOR FURTHER READING:
THE PLANT LIST (2013 VERSION)
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
THE NATIONAL GARDENING ASSOCIATION