Yellow Coneflower, Ozark Coneflower
Echinacea paradoxa Britton is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Yellow Coneflower. It was named and described as such by Nathaniel Lord Britton in the second edition of An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States in 1913.
Accepted Infraspecific name: Echinacea paradoxa var. neglecta McGregor. Some sites also list Echinacea paradoxa var. paradoxa which is the autonym (type-specimen). Generally, when an infraspecific taxon is named, a “type specimen” is automatically created but it is not listed on Plants of the World Online. Hmmm…
The genus, Echinacea Moench, was named and described as such by Conrad Moench in Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis in 1794.
Plants of the World Online lists 9 accepted species in the Echinacea genus (as of 5-12-21 when this page was last updated). It is a member of the plant family Asteraceae with 1,671 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made by POWO. The numer of genera in this family changes quite often.
The above distribution map of Echinacea paradoxa from the USDA Plants Database for North America shows where the species is native. The map from Plants of the World Online shows it only present in Missouri and Arkansas but it probably needs updating. The USDA Plants Database shows Echinacea paradoxa var. neglecta present in Oklahoma and Texas.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND BETTER PLANT ID.
I have no Echinacea paradoxa growing on the farm here in Windsor, Missouri in Pettis County (Henry County is across the street). I took the above photo a few miles south along a road in Henry County where there are a couple of fairly good-sized colonies. I also noticed several colonies on the road going to my cousin’s farm east of Clinton (in Henry County).
I didn’t take many photos of these plants in 2019 and I never seemed to have my camera with me when I did run across them driving. I will try to remember in 2021…
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. I have grown over 500 different plants and most have pages listed on the right side of the blog. I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a horticulturalist I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
NOTE: Plants of the World Online is the most up-to-date database. It is very hard for some to keep with name changes these days so you may find a few discrepancies between the websites. Just be patient. Hopefully, someday they will be in harmony. 🙂
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
NOTE: The figures may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates (and if they update their sources or even read what they say). Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂