Yellow Coneflower, Ozark Coneflower
(Echinacea paradoxa var. paradoxa)
Synonyms of Echinacea paradoxa var paradoxa (2) (Updated on 12-22-21 from Plants of the World Online): Brauneria paradoxa Norton, Echinacea atrorubens var. paradoxa (Norton) Cronquist
Synonyms of Echinacea paradoxa var. neglecta (1) (Updated on 12-22-21 from POWO): Echinacea atrorubens var. neglecta (McGregor) Binns, B.R.Baum & Arnason
Echinacea paradoxa Britton is the correct and accepted scientific name for the Yellow Coneflower. It was named and described as such by Nathaniel Lord Britton in the second edition of An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States in 1913.
Accepted Infraspecific Names (2): Echinacea paradoxa var. neglecta McGregor, *Echinacea paradoxa var. paradoxa (autonym). *When infraspecific taxon are named, an autonym (“type-specimen”) is automatically generated whose description is closest to the (original) species. All have their own list of synonyms…
The genus, Echinacea Moench, was named and described as such by Conrad Moench in Methodus Plantas Horti Botanici et Agri Marburgensis in 1794.
As of 12-22-21 when this page was last updated, Plants of the World Online lists 9 accepted species in the Echinacea genus. It is a member of the plant family Asteraceae with 1,678 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made on POWO. The number of genera in this family fluctuates quite often.
The above distribution map of Echinacea paradoxa from Plants of the World Online. Areas in green are where the species is native. the USDA Plants Database for North America is the same. Echinacea paradoxa var. neglecta is found in Oklahoma and Texas and Echinacea paradoxa var. paradoxa is found in Missouri and Arkansas.
The map on iNaturalist shows where members have made observations. Anyone can join and it is a great website to confirm and share your observations. The maps on iNaturalist are continually updated as members post new observations.
THERE ARE SEVERAL LINKS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE FOR FURTHER READING AND BETTER PLANT ID.
I have no Echinacea paradoxa growing on my farm. I took the first photo a few miles south along a back road in Henry County where there are a couple of fairly good-sized colonies. I also noticed several colonies on the road going to my cousin’s farm east of Clinton (in Henry County). The above photo was taken along E Highway south of town. There has been a massive colony of Echinacea paradoxa in this pasture (or hayfield) for many years. I usually don’t have my camera with me when I go by. When I took the photo I stopped to take a photo but there was a car coming behind me. There were several growing along the back road by the pasture (in a row of trees along the fence) but their flowers weren’t that great… I will get more photos!
I have enjoyed photographing and learning about the many wildflowers growing on the farm and other areas. I have grown over 500 different plants and most have pages listed on the right side of the blog. I am not an expert, botanist, or horticulturalist. I just like growing, photographing and writing about my experience. I rely on several websites for ID and a horticulturalist I contact if I cannot figure them out. Wildflowers can be somewhat variable from location to location, so sometimes it gets a bit confusing. If you see I have made an error, please let me know so I can correct what I have written.
I hope you found this page useful and be sure to check the links below for more information. They were written by experts and provide much more information. Some sites may not be up-to-date but they are always a work in progress. If you can, I would appreciate it if you would click on the “Like” below and leave a comment. It helps us bloggers stay motivated. You can also send an email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I would enjoy hearing from you especially if you notice something is a bit whacky.
NOTE: Plants of the World Online is the most up-to-date database. It is very hard for some to keep with name changes these days so you may find a few discrepancies between the websites. Just be patient. Hopefully, someday they will be in harmony. 🙂
FOR FURTHER READING:
PLANTS OF THE WORLD ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
INTERNATIONAL PLANT NAMES INDEX (GENUS/SPECIES)
FLORA OF NORTH AMERICA (GENUS/SPECIES)
WORLD FLORA ONLINE (GENUS/SPECIES)
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
USDA PLANTS DATABASE
NOTE: The data (figures, maps, accepted names, etc.) may not match on these websites. It depends on when and how they make updates and when their sources make updates. Some websites have hundreds and even many thousands of species to keep up with. Accepted scientific names change periodically and it can be hard to keep with as well. Some of the links may use a name that is a synonym on other sites. In my opinion, Plants of the World Online by Kew is the most reliable and up-to-date plant database and they make updates on a regular basis. I make updates “at least” once a year and when I write new pages or add new photos but I do get behind. We are all a work in progress. 🙂