LaCordatum, Fiddle-Leaf, Fruit Salad Plant, Heartleaf Philodendron, Horsehead Philodendron, Lacy Tree Philodendron, Panda Plant, Red Emerald, Red Princess, Saddleleaf, Split Leaf Philodendron, Tree Philodendron, and probably more…
Synonyms of Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum (9) (Updated on 2-11-21): Arum pinnatifidum Vell., Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott, Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl., Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Knuth, Philodendron pygmaeum Chodat & Vischer, Philodendron selloanum K. Koch, Philodendron selloum K.Koch, Philodendron sellowii André, Sphincterostigma bipinnatifidum Schott
Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum (Schott ex Endl.) Sakur, Calazans & Mayo is now the correct and accepted name for this species. It was named and described as such by Cássia Mônica Sakuragui, Luana S.B. Calazans, and Simon Joseph Mayo in PhytoKeys in 2018. It was first named and described as Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl. by Stephan Friedrich Ladislaus Endlicher in Genera Plantarum in 1837. Mr. Endlicher used a previous description by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott and gave him credit for first naming and describing the species in Linnaea in 1831 (listed as nom. inval.).
Original specimens of this species were collected by Mr. Schott in Brazil and were taken to the Schoenbrunn Palace Gardens in Vienna.
The genus, Thaumatophyllum Schott, was named and described as such by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott in Bonplandia in 1859.
As of 2-11-21 when I last updated this page, Plants of the World Online lists 21 species in the Thaumatophyllum genus. It is a member of the plant family Araceae with 140 genera. Those numbers could change as updates are made.
Due to testing, an old genus was resurrected and several former species of Philodendron were placed in it. For many years there was only one species in the Thaumatophyllum genus which was later transferred to Philodendron. Now it is back with 21 species!!! The link below to Quanta Magazine is a well-written article about it.
This AWESOME Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum belonged to Thomas and Tarlei Hitchcock who were very good friends of mine in Mississippi. They were actually like family and Thomas was like a brother. This plant was one of many plants I kept for them at the mansion for a while. This was also the pot I found the Alocasia gageana coming up in.
Many companies sell this plant as Philodendron selloum and at one time it was considered a separate species. Research has proved that they are actually multiforms of the same species.
Origin: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.
Zones: USDA Zones 9b-11 (25 to 40° F).
Size: Can grow to 15’ or more. Much smaller in pots.
Light: Light to part shade.
Soil: Well-drained .
There are many more websites that do a better job describing this plant than me. You can check the links below for further reading.
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*The first two and the last four links are updated with the name Thaumatophyllum bipinnatifidum. The rest use the name Philodendron bipinnatifidum…